Guided search: an alternative to the feature integration model for visual search.

@article{Wolfe1989GuidedSA,
  title={Guided search: an alternative to the feature integration model for visual search.},
  author={Jeremy M. Wolfe and Kyle R. Cave and S L Franzel},
  journal={Journal of experimental psychology. Human perception and performance},
  year={1989},
  volume={15 3},
  pages={
          419-33
        }
}
Subjects searched sets of items for targets defined by conjunctions of color and form, color and orientation, or color and size. Set size was varied and reaction times (RT) were measured. For many unpracticed subjects, the slopes of the resulting RT X Set Size functions are too shallow to be consistent with Treisman's feature integration model, which proposes serial, self-terminating search for conjunctions. Searches for triple conjunctions (Color X Size X Form) are easier than searches for… 
Part-whole information is useful in visual search for size X size but not orientation X orientation conjunctions
  • B.
  • Psychology
  • 2010
In visual search tasks, subjects look for a target among a variable number of distractor items, If the target is defined by a conjunction of two different features (e.g., color X orientation),
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Search for conjunctions of highly discriminable features can be rapid or even parallel. This article explores three possible accounts based on (a) perceptual segregation, (b) conjunction detectors,
Guided search for triple conjunctions
A key tenet of feature integration theory and of related theories such as guided search (GS) is that the binding of basic features requires attention. This would seem to predict that conjunctions of
Conjunctions Can Guide Attention Through Visual Search
Guided search is a mechanism that controls and optimizes the deployment of attention during visual search and allows one to pay attention only to highly relevant items. For instance, when searching
Guided Search 4.0: Current Progress With a Model of Visual Search
  • J. Wolfe
  • Psychology
    Integrated Models of Cognitive Systems
  • 2007
TLDR
GS evolved out of the two-stage architecture of models like Treisman's feature integration theory (FIT), which proposed a parallel, preattentive first stage and a serial second stage controlled by visual selective attention.
Detecting conjunctions of color and form in parallel
TLDR
In the three experiments reported here, a redundant-target detection task was used with conjunctively defined targets and display sizes of two, one or two, and six, and strong evidence for parallel processing was observed.
Part—whole information is useful in visual search for size × size but not orientation × orientation conjunctions
TLDR
“Part— whole” size × size conjunction searches are efficient; “part-part” searches are not; this difference between preattentive processing of color and size, and orientation, on the other, may reflect structural relationships between features in real-world objects.
Features in visual search combine linearly.
TLDR
It is concluded that features in visual search co-activate linearly and it is demonstrated for the first time that aspect ratio is a novel feature that guides visual search.
Attention in visual search: Multiple search classes
TLDR
The question addressed here was whether a parallel-serial dichotomy would be obtained if data were collected using a variety of targets representing each of several kinds of defining features.
Visual search at different spatial scales.
  • J. Saarinen
  • Psychology
    Scandinavian journal of psychology
  • 1995
TLDR
In the experiments reported here, the processing of feature conjunctions was studied when the stimulus features of a combination were at different spatial scales, and it is possible that the conjunction search could not be performed in parallel because switches between the two scales are linked to attention and the task required the use of both scales in order to find the target.
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