Guest Editors' Introduction: Machine Ethics

  title={Guest Editors' Introduction: Machine Ethics},
  author={Michael Anderson and Susan Leigh Anderson},
  journal={IEEE Intelligent Systems},
Machine ethics is concerned with how machines behave toward human users and other machines. It aims to create a machine that's guided by an acceptable ethical principle or set of principles in the decisions it makes about possible courses of action it could take. As ethics experts continue to progress toward consensus concerning the right way to behave in ethical dilemmas, the task for those working in machine ethics is to codify these insights. Eight articles in this special issue address the… Expand

Topics from this paper

Motivations and Risks of Machine Ethics
It is argued that while there are good prima facie reasons for pursuing machine ethics, including the potential to improve the ethical alignment of both humans and machines, there are also potential risks that must be considered. Expand
An analysis of machine ethics from the perspective of autonomy
Machine ethics has been proposed as a new discipline at the intersection of ethics and computer science, aimed at investigating computational models of ethical principles to be embedded into theExpand
A Challenge for Machine Ethics
  • Ryan Tonkens
  • Psychology, Computer Science
  • Minds and Machines
  • 2009
This paper articulates a pressing challenge for Machine Ethics: to identify an ethical framework that is both implementable into machines and whose tenets permit the creation of such AMAs in the first place through a critical analysis of the development of Kantian AMAs. Expand
Software Agents, Anticipatory Ethics, and Accountability
This chapter takes up a case study of the accountability issues around increasingly autonomous computer systems. In this early phase of their development, certain computer systems are being referredExpand
Synthetic Deliberation: Can Emulated Imagination Enhance Machine Ethics?
  • Robert Pinka
  • Computer Science, Sociology
  • Minds and Machines
  • 2020
A potential path to AI ethics is explored by considering the role of imagination in the deliberative process via the work of John Dewey and his interpreters, showcasing one form of reinforcement learning that mimics imaginative deliberation and contend that such an artificial agent is capable of something very near ethical behavior. Expand
The Rights of Machines: Caring for Robotic Care-Givers
Work in the field of machine medical ethics, especially as it applies to healthcare robots, generally focuses attention on controlling the decision making capabilities and actions of autonomousExpand
Robot minds and human ethics: the need for a comprehensive model of moral decision making
Building artificial moral agents (AMAs) underscores the fragmentary character of presently available models of human ethical behavior. It is a distinctly different enterprise from either the attemptExpand
A Multi-Agent Approach to Combine Reasoning and Learning for an Ethical Behavior
This paper draws upon existing works to propose a novel hybrid method using symbolic judging agents to evaluate the ethics of learning agents' behaviors, and accordingly improve their ability to ethically behave in dynamic multi-agent environments. Expand
A Conceptual and Computational Model of Moral Decision Making in Human and Artificial Agents
This study discusses how LIDA, an AGI model of human cognition, can be adapted to model both affective and rational features of moral decision making and describes how the LIDA model helps integrate emotions into the human decision-making process. Expand
Caregiving robots and ethical reflection: the perspective of interdisciplinary technology assessment
This article analyzes the use of robots in the care of the elderly or infirm and then examines robot learning in the context of this kind of cooperation. Expand