Growth rates of black soldier fly larvae fed on fresh human faeces and their implication for improving sanitation

  title={Growth rates of black soldier fly larvae fed on fresh human faeces and their implication for improving sanitation},
  author={I. J. Banks and Walter Thomas Gibson and Mary M. Cameron},
  journal={Tropical Medicine \& International Health},
OBJECTIVES To determine the capacity of black soldier fly larvae (BSFL) (Hermetia illucens) to convert fresh human faeces into larval biomass under different feeding regimes, and to determine how effective BSFL are as a means of human faecal waste management. [] Key MethodRESULTS The larvae that were fed a single lump amount of faeces developed into significantly larger larvae and prepupae than those fed incrementally every 2 days; however, the development into pre-pupae took longer.
The effect of Rhodococcus rhodochrous supplementation on black soldier fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) development, nutrition, and waste conversion
Black soldier fly larvae are mass produced globally for use as livestock, poultry, and aquaculture feed. Efforts are continuously seeking processes optimising larval rate of growth, size, and waste...
Colonisation of finfish substrate inhabited by black soldier fly larvae by blow flies, bacteria, and fungi
Black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens (L.) (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) can be used for recycling a wide variety of organic wastes. However, these wastes are also suitable for colonisation by pest fly s...
Potential use of the black soldier fly larvae in faecal sludge management: a study in Durban, South Africa
This study was performed to determine the bioconversion and waste reduction capabilities using the Black Soldier Fly larvae (BSFL) on treating Urine Diversion Toilet (UDT) sludge on a full-scale
Growth Performance of Black Soldier Fly Larvae (Hermetia illucens) Fed on Some Plant Based Organic Wastes
Insect larvae, such as black soldier fly larvae (BSFL: Hermetia illucens) are currently being considered as an alternative source of protein for poultry and aquaculture industry while in the same
To assess the impact of black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) larvae on faecal reduction in pit latrines
This study demonstrated that reported cleaning chemicals in FS do not affect BSFL mortality at manufacturer recommended, or user reported concentrations, and proposed that the use of a novel BSFL FSM method is an economically feasible method of improving sanitation in low- and middle-income countries, and may help reduce the burden of diarrhoeal diseases.
Effects of food substrates and moxidectin on development of black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens
Using black soldier fly larvae is a promising technology for recycling organic wastes, including those of plant origin, according to the main goal of the reported study, expanding the list of wastes suitable for utilization by this species.
Development of black soldier fly larvae (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) on seafood wastes
The black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens (L.) (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) is well suited for remediating biological waste. Larvae of this species are nutrient rich, grow rapidly, and convert organic
Mass Production of the Black Soldier Fly, Hermetia illucens (L.), (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) Reared on Three Manure Types
This study investigates the production of BSF fed animal manure (swine, dairy, and poultry) at a larger scale (thousands of larvae fed kg of diet) than what has been previously published (small-scale studies with hundreds of larvae feeding g of diet).
Life-History Traits of the Black Soldier Fly, Hermetia illucens (L.) (Diptera: Stratiomyidae), Reared on Three Manure Types
All three manure types can be digested by black soldier fly larvae, thus demonstrating their potential for waste management.


Conversion of organic material by black soldier fly larvae: establishing optimal feeding rates
  • S. Diener, C. Zurbrügg, K. Tockner
  • Biology, Medicine
    Waste management & research : the journal of the International Solid Wastes and Public Cleansing Association, ISWA
  • 2009
It is concluded that larvae of the black soldier fly are potentially capable of converting large amounts of organic waste into protein-rich biomass to substitute fishmeal, thereby contributing to sustainable aquaculture.
Decline of zoonotic agents in livestock waste and bedding heaps
Aims:  To measure the rates of decline of zoonotic agents introduced into heaps of spent bedding and faecal wastes generated by commercially farmed livestock and managed in a similar way to that of a
Biological Treatment of Municipal Organic Waste using Black Soldier Fly Larvae
Valorisation of municipal organic waste through larval feeding activity of the black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens, constitutes a potential benefit, especially for low and middle-income countries.
House Fly and Lesser Fly Control Utilizing the Black Soldier Fly in Manure Management Systems for Caged Laying Hens
Soldier fly larvae were demonstrated to cause significant reductions in house fly and lesser house fly populations and manure moisture.
Soldier fly, Hermetia illucens L., larvae as feed for channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus (Rafinesque), and blue tilapia, Oreochromis aureus (Steindachner)
Channel catfish and blue tilapia grown on poultry manure showed normal growth comparable to those fed a commercial diet, but feeding 100% larvae did not provide sufficient dry matter or protein intake for good growth for either species grown in tanks.
The current state of the technology for utilizing the black soldier fly (Hermatia) for processing hen and swine manure appears to make it commercially feasible, and it could increase net revenue by $25,000! per year per layer house.
Black Soldier Fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) Larvae Reduce Escherichia coli in Dairy Manure
Temperature significantly influenced the ability of black soldier fly larvae to develop and reduce E. coli counts in manure held at remaining temperatures and this affected their weight gain and their ability to reduceE.