Growth of a Functionally Important Lexicon

  title={Growth of a Functionally Important Lexicon},
  author={Eugene B. Zechmeister and Andrea M. Chronis and William L. Cull and Catherine A. D'Anna and Noreen A. Healy},
  journal={Journal of Literacy Research},
  pages={201 - 212}
The vocabulary size literature currently provides a rather pessimistic view of the role for direct instruction in increasing vocabulary size. A major reason for this pessimism revolves around estimates of the total number of words that individuals know and, hence, the number of words that would have to be taught in order to affect significantly normal vocabulary growth. When vocabulary size is expressed in terms of the number of functionally important words in the lexicon, however, estimates of… 

Partial word knowledge: Frontier words in the L2 mental lexicon

Abstract The study set out to examine the partial word knowledge of native speakers, L2 advanced, and intermediate learners of English with regard to four word features from Richards' (1976) taxonomy

Second language vocabulary assessment: current practices and new directions

This paper surveys some current developments in second language vocabulary assessment, with particular attention to the ways in which computer corpora can provide better quality information about the

Estimating second language productive vocabulary size: A Capture-Recapture approach

This study provides validity evidence for the Capture-Recapture (CR) method, borrowed from ecology, as a measure of second language (L2) productive vocabulary size (PVS) as well as a discussion of the method’s underlying assumptions and their implications for interpretation.

How Many Words Do We Know? Practical Estimates of Vocabulary Size Dependent on Word Definition, the Degree of Language Input and the Participant’s Age

Based on an analysis of the literature and a large scale crowdsourcing experiment, we estimate that an average 20-year-old native speaker of American English knows 42,000 lemmas and 4,200

Developing EFL Learners Vocabulary by Reading English Comprehension in EFL Classroom

  • S. M. Kamal
  • Education, Linguistics
    International Journal of English Language and Literature Studies
  • 2019
Vocabulary development by reading comprehension is an important issue in case of English language learning. There is always an interconnection between vocabulary and reading comprehension or text and

Achieving Native-like English Lexical Knowledge: The Non-native Story

The findings reveal that majority of students have a very limited vocabulary knowledge and vocabulary size to use English as their second language though formal exposure to English language had been given to them for more than 12 years.

Reading news for information : How much vocabulary a CFL learner should know

It is suggested that CFL learners should first focus on around 20,000 high to medium frequency words and phrases if they want to develop basic ability in Chinese news reading and exposure to around 70,000 low frequency vocabulary is needed if they Want to develop full proficiency in Chinese News reading.

Quantity and Diversity: Simulating Early Word Learning Environments.

Here a large corpus (6.5 million words) of speech to children is analyzed and the central conclusion is that what researchers need to theoretically understand, measure, and change is the function that relates total words to the diversity of words, and how that function changes across different contexts of talk.

Reading news for information: How much vocabulary a CFL learner should know

This paper reports the findings of a corpus-based study on the vocabulary used in journalistic Chinese and suggests that CFL learners should first focus on around 20,000 high to medium frequency words and phrases if they want to develop basic ability in Chinese news reading.

How (Not) to Teach English Vocabulary.

Teachers of English as a second or foreign language often state that they lack an understanding of how to teach vocabulary in a principled, evidence-based way sensitive to students’ needs. Vocabulary



Toward a Meaningful Definition of Vocabulary Size

Studies using dictionary-sampling methods to estimate vocabulary size have left a bewildering trail of widely differing estimates. We argue that many estimates are misleading (generally too high)

How Many Words are There in Printed School English

THE PURPOSE of this research was to determine the number of distinct words in printed school English. A detailed analysis was done of a 7,260 word sample from the Carroll, Davies and Richman, Word

Vocabulary Development: A Morphological Analysis

Focusing on school-age children's knowledge of morphology and word formation, this monograph presents a detailed analysis of vocabulary development among six- to ten-year-olds. Among the results

How many memory systems? Evidence from aging.

  • D. B. Mitchell
  • Psychology
    Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition
  • 1989
Age by memory task dissociations, the manipulation of codability produced slower naming latencies and more naming errors, yet promoted better recall and recognition (episodic memory).

Everyday memory performance across the life span: effects of age and noncognitive individual differences.

Age was consistently the most significant predictor of memory performance, followed by vocabulary and gender, and these data suggest that when health samples of volunteers serve as research subjects, these individual differences can affect some memory test scores, but age remains the best overall predictor ofMemory performance.

The Nature of Vocabulary Acquisition

By searching the title, publisher, or authors of guide you in fact want, you can discover them rapidly. In the house, workplace, or perhaps in your method can be every best place within net

Life Span Development and Behavior

Contents: M.M. Seltzer, C.D. Ryff, Parenting Across the Life Span: The Normative and Nonnormative Cases. M.M. Baltes, S.B. Silverberg, The Dynamics Between Dependency and Autonomy: Illustrations

The Pearl

John Steinbeck has been characterized variously as an advocate of socialist-style solutions to the depredations of capitalism, a champion of individualism, a dabbler in sociobiology, and a naturalist.

What vocabulary size is needed toread unsimplified texts for pleasure?

No description supplied

介绍一本新近的美国英语词典Oxford American Dictionary

Oxford American Dictionary(《牛津美国英语词典》)是一本新近的美国英语词典,由牛津大学出版社于1980年在纽约和牛津两地同时出版。主编为E埃利希(Ehrlich)和S.B.弗莱克斯纳(Flexner)等四人。他们都是美国英语专家。埃利希是关于英语语法、惯用法和作文的权威,哥伦比亚大学英语和比较文学系的高级讲师。弗莱斯纳是美国最受尊敬和被广泛引用的词典编纂家之一,也是I