Growth of ‘black smoker’ bacteria at temperatures of at least 250 °C

@article{Baross1983GrowthO,
  title={Growth of ‘black smoker’ bacteria at temperatures of at least 250 °C},
  author={John A. Baross and Jody W. Deming},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1983},
  volume={303},
  pages={423-426}
}
Complex communities of thermophilic bacteria have been cultured from the 350 °C waters emanating from sulphide chimneys, or ‘black smokers’, at 21 °N along the East Pacific Rise1. Several of the bacterial communities were shown to grow rapidly at 100 °C and atmospheric pressure, producing methane, hydrogen gas and carbon monoxide. These gases are found in superheated vent water, having previously been attributed to abiogenic reactions. Before concluding that these ‘black smoker’ bacteria… 

THERMOPHILIC BACTERIA ASSOCIATED WITH BLACK SMOKERS ALONG THE EAST PACIFIC RISE

At depths of about 2 600 m along the East Pacific Rise, sulfide chimneys or «black smokers» are emitting superheated fluids at temperatures of about 350°C into cold seawater. Dissolved in these

Growth of the extreme thermophile Sulfolobus acidocaldarius in a hyperbaric helium bioreactor

Results indicate that hyperbaric helium bioreactors will be important in the study of extremely thermophilic bacteria that are isolated from pressurized environments.

High‐pressure—temperature bioreactor for studying pressure—temperature relationships in bacterial growth and productivity

Initial studies in this bioreactor of Methanococcus jannaschii, an extremely thermophilic methanogen isolated from a deep‐sea hydrothermal vent, revealed that increasing the pressure accelerated the production of methane and cellular protein by this archaebacterium at 90°C, and raised the maximum temperature allowing growth from 90 to 92°C.

Particulate DNA in Smoker Fluids: Evidence for Existence of Microbial Populations in Hot Hydrothermal Systems

Detailed sampling at one smoker site demonstrated not only the existence of significant levels of particulate DNA in the superheated smoker fluids but also the presence of an elevated microbial population in the buoyant plume 20 to 100 m above the smoker.

Deep-sea smokers: windows to a subsurface biosphere?

Isolation of salt-tolerant, iron-oxidising, acidophilic bacteria and assessment of their bioleaching potential at high salinity

Three strains of halotolerant gram-positive, rod shaped, acidophilic bacteria were isolated from estuarine and coastal areas and exhibited autotrophic growth on a variety of iron and sulphur-containing compounds, heterotrophicgrowth on yeast extract medium as well as mixotrophic Growth on a combination of these substrates.

Effect of carbon dioxide and hydrostatic pressure on the pH of culture media and the growth of methanogens at elevated temperature Applied Microbiology

The apparent pressure dependence of the optimum growth of Methanococcus thermolithotrophicus at 65°C in minimal medium reflects the pH shift below the cutoff point of growth (pH 5.5), rather than pressure-induced growth inhibition.

Effect of carbon dioxide and hydrostatic pressure on the pH of culture media and the growth of methanogens at elevated temperature

The apparent pressure dependence of the optimum growth of Methanococcus thermolithotrophicus at 65° C in minimal medium reflects the pH shift below the cutoff point of growth (pH 5.5), rather than pressure-induced growth inhibition.
...

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