Growth factors and cytokines in patients with long bone fractures and associated spinal cord injury.

@article{Khallaf2016GrowthFA,
  title={Growth factors and cytokines in patients with long bone fractures and associated spinal cord injury.},
  author={Fathy G. Khallaf and Elijah O. Kehinde and Ahmed Jenan Mostafa},
  journal={Journal of orthopaedics},
  year={2016},
  volume={13 2},
  pages={69-75}
}
BACKGROUND The aim of the study was to test the effect of acute traumatic spinal cord injury of quadriplegia or paraplegia on bone healing in patients with associated long bone fractures and to investigate the molecular and cellular events of the underlying mechanism for a possible acceleration. METHODS Healing indicators of long bone fractures and growth factors, IGF-II, platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), Activin-A, and cytokine I-L-1, in the… CONTINUE READING