Growth Rates of Global Energy Systems and Future Outlooks

  title={Growth Rates of Global Energy Systems and Future Outlooks},
  author={Mikael H{\"o}{\"o}k and Juncheng Li and Kersti Johansson and Simon Snowden},
  journal={Natural Resources Research},
The world is interconnected and powered by a number of global energy systems using fossil, nuclear, or renewable energy. This study reviews historical time series of energy production and growth for various energy sources. It compiles a theoretical and empirical foundation for understanding the behaviour underlying global energy systems’ growth. The most extreme growth rates are found in fossil fuels. The presence of scaling behaviour, i.e. proportionality between growth rate and size, is… 
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