Growth Effects of Vanadium in the Rat

  title={Growth Effects of Vanadium in the Rat},
  author={Klaus Schwarz and David Bayard Milne},
  pages={426 - 428}
Vanadium is necessary for growing rats raised inside trace elementcontrolled, all plastic isolators on a highly purified amino acid diet. Addifion of vanadium to the diet enhances growth by over 40 percent. A nearly optimum effect is obtained with 10 micrograms of vanadium per 100 grams of diet in (0.1 part per million), supplied in the form of sodium orthovanadate, as seen from series of tests with levels ranging from 1 to 5 micrograms per 100 grams of diet. Different vanadium compounds show… 
Effects of dietary vanadium in mallard ducks.
Vanadium concentrations in most tissues were significantly correlated and increased with treatment level, suggesting an interaction between vanadium and calcium mobilization in laying hens.
Balance and tissue distribution of vanadium after short-term ingestion of vanadate.
Values indicate greater absorption and retention of ingested vanadium than found in previously reported investigations, and suggest that polyuria induced in animals on the high potassium diets may be reversed.
The Essentiality and Metabolism of Vanadium
The hypothesis that vanadium is nutritionally essential for higher animals, including humans, has had a long and checkered history and the conclusion of Schroeder et al., (1963) that “no other trace metal has so long had so many supposed biological activities without having been proved to be essential” has begun to crumble.
Interactions among vanadium, iron, and cystine in rats growth, blood parameters, and organ Wt/body Wt ratios
The findings indicated that vanadium neither substitutes for iron at some metabolic site, nor stimulates iron absorption; but has a positive influence on the utilization of iron after absorption.
Vanadate supplements and 1,2-dimethylhydrazine induced colon cancer in mice: increased thymidine incorporation without enhanced carcinogenesis.
Although vanadate increased thymidine incorporation 210% to 550% compared with controls, it had no influence on the attack rate, incidence, or histological type of tumours induced by DMH.
Evidence of the Essentiality of Arsenic, Nickel, and Vanadium and Their Possible Nutritional Significance
In this chapter, the evidence for the essentiality of arsenic, nickel, and vanadium will be reviewed and the possible nutritional significance of these elements will be discussed.
Intake of nickel and vanadium by humans. A survey of selected diets.
The nickel and vanadium contents of nine institutional diets were determined by atomic absorption spectrometry with background correction and it is found that vanadium is present at approximately one order of magnitude less than nickel.


Effect of Ingested Vanadium on Cholesterol and Phospholipid Metabolism in the Rabbit.∗
Summary Vanadium, in the form of vanadium pentoxide, added to a standard diet, at a level of 100 ppm of the element lowered free cholesterol ancl phospholipid content of the liver of rabbits, while
Vanadium, a Caries-Inhibiting Trace Element in the Syrian Hamster
A thorough study of these elements resulted in the conclusion that vanadium might be able to increase the resistance of the tooth to caries if it were present in sufficient quantities in the dentin and enamel.
The chemistry of titanium and vanadium.
Vanadium in some biological specimens.