Growth/climate response shift in a long subalpine spruce chronology

  title={Growth/climate response shift in a long subalpine spruce chronology},
  author={Ulf B{\"u}ntgen and David C. Frank and Martin Schmidhalter and Burkhard Neuwirth and Mathias Seifert and Jan Esper},
A new Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) tree-ring width chronology based on living and historic wood spanning the AD 1108–2003 period is developed. This composite record combines 208 high elevation samples from 3 Swiss subalpine valleys, i.e., Lötschental, Goms, and Engadine. To retain potential high- to low-frequency information in this dataset, individual spline detrending and the regional curve standardization are applied. For comparison, 22 high elevation and 6 low-elevation… 
Drought sensitivity of Norway spruce is higher than that of silver fir along an altitudinal gradient in southwestern Germany
ContextFor Central Europe, climate projections foresee an increase in temperature combined with decreasing summer precipitation, resulting in drier conditions during the growing season. This might
Growth trends and temperature responses of treeline Norway spruce in the Czech-Polish Sudetes Mountains
The Earth's climate system has recently experienced substantial warming, and asso- ciated effects are often most pronounced at species-specific distribution limits. Treeline ecotones may therefore be
Interannual growth response of Norway spruce to climate along an altitudinal gradient in the Tatra Mountains, Poland
Ring-width chronologies of Picea abies (L.) Karst. from ten sites in the Tatra Mountains, Poland, were developed to explore growth/climate responses in stands along an altitudinal gradient ranging
Long-term changes in tree-ring–climate relationships at Mt. Patscherkofel (Tyrol, Austria) since the mid-1980s
Long-term variability of climate–growth relationships in ring width chronologies of Stone pine (Pinus cembra L.) by means of moving response functions (MRF) revealed that mean July temperature is the major and long-term stable driving force of Pinus cmbra radial growth within the timberline ecotone.
Different tree-ring responses of Norway spruce to air temperature across an altitudinal gradient in the Eastern Carpathians (Romania)
Key messageA global increase in temperature could potentially increase the trees’ growth at high altitude and decrease at low altitude. Another immediate consequence would be an increase of the
Significant Mean and Extreme Climate Sensitivity of Norway Spruce and Silver Fir at Mid-Elevation Mesic Sites in the Alps
This work developed tree-ring chronologies from 13 mesic mid-elevation sites and compared them to monthly temperature and precipitation data for the period 1846–1995 to highlight a clear, time-stable, and species-specific response to mean climate conditions.
Fading temperature sensitivity of Alpine tree growth at its Mediterranean margin and associated effects on large-scale climate reconstructions
A millennium-long tree-ring width chronology of living and dead larch (Larix decidua Mill.) specimens from the Maritime French Alps was introduced 35 years ago. This record has been included in
Inter- and intra-seasonal effects of temperature variation on radial growth of alpine treeline Norway spruce
A widely accepted standpoint contends that plant growth near the cold edge of the species range, such as treelines, does not depend on the annual temperature seasonality (i.e. difference between
Growth responses to climate in a multi-species tree-ring network in the Western Carpathian Tatra Mountains, Poland and Slovakia.
Comparisons with reconstructions from the Alps and Central Europe supports the general rule of the dominant influence of growing season temperature on high-elevation forest growth.


Temporal instability in tree-growth/climate response in the Lower Bavarian Forest region: implications for dendroclimatic reconstruction
This paper explores the temporal stability of growth/climate relationships in ring-width chronologies of Norway spruce [ Picea abies (L.) Karst] and silver fir ( Abies alba Mill) in the Lower
A 1052-year tree-ring proxy for Alpine summer temperatures
A June–August Alpine temperature proxy series is developed back to AD 951 using 1,527 ring-width measurements from living trees and relict wood. The reconstruction is composed of larch data from four
Temperature-sensitive Tien Shan tree ring chronologies show multi-centennial growth trends
Abstract Two millennia-length juniper ring width chronologies, processed to preserve multi-centennial growth trends, are presented for the Alai Range of the western Tien Shan in Kirghizia. The
Reduced growth of Alaskan white spruce in the twentieth century from temperature-induced drought stress
The data show that temperature-induced drought stress has disproportionately affected the most rapidly growing white spruce, suggesting that, under recent climate warming, drought may have been an important factor limiting carbon uptake in a large portion of the North American boreal forest.
Influence of snowfall and melt timing on tree growth in subarctic Eurasia
The causes of a reduced sensitivity of high-latitude tree growth to variations in summer temperature for recent decades,, compared to earlier this century, are unknown. This sensitivity change is
Using recent and historical larch wood to build a 1300-year Valais-chronology
Introduction To add understanding to the current ‘Global-Change-debate’, it is relevant to study the variability of Holocene climate (IPCC 2001). By placing the 20-century warming in the context of
Boreal temperature variability inferred from maximum latewood density and tree-ring width data, Wrangell Mountain region, Alaska
Extreme Tree Rings in Spruce (Picea abies [L.] Karst.) and Fir (Abies alba Mill.) Stands in Relation to Climate, Site, and Space in the Southern French and Italian Alps
The similarity over long distances of dendroecological pointer years (with extreme ring-widths) were studied at both regional and country scales in order to investigate the geographical extension of
Site ecological differences to the climatic forcing of spruce pointer years from the Lötschental, Switzerland
Summary Variations in ring width and ring coloration of 89 spruce trees from six sites in the Lotschental, Switzerland, are analyzed. Sites are located along an altitudinal transect spanning 1500 to