Growing a circular economy with fungal biotechnology: a white paper

  title={Growing a circular economy with fungal biotechnology: a white paper},
  author={Vera Meyer and Evelina Y. Basenko and J. Philipp Benz and Gerhard H. Braus and Mark X. Caddick and Michael Csukai and Ronald P. de Vries and Drew Endy and Jens Christian Frisvad and Nina Gunde-Cimerman and Thomas Haarmann and Yitzhak Hadar and Kim Hansen and Robert I Johnson and Nancy P. Keller and Nada Kra{\vs}evec and Uffe Hasbro Mortensen and Rolando Cruz Perez and Arthur F. J. Ram and Eric Record and Phil Ross and Volha Shapaval and Charlotte Steiniger and Hans J M van den Brink and Jolanda M. van Munster and Oded Yarden and Han A. B. W{\"o}sten},
  journal={Fungal Biology and Biotechnology},
Fungi have the ability to transform organic materials into a rich and diverse set of useful products and provide distinct opportunities for tackling the urgent challenges before all humans. Fungal biotechnology can advance the transition from our petroleum-based economy into a bio-based circular economy and has the ability to sustainably produce resilient sources of food, feed, chemicals, fuels, textiles, and materials for construction, automotive and transportation industries, for furniture… 
Influence of grains postharvest conditions on mycotoxins occurrence in milk and dairy products
Fungi have the ability to transform organic materials into a rich and diverse set of useful products and provide distinct opportunities for tackling the urgent challenges before all humans. Fungal
Current state and future prospects of pure mycelium materials
This primer introduces pure mycelium materials, frame different production methods, review existing and potential future applications, thereby offering a vision on future advances for this emerging fungi-based technology.
Turning Inside Out: Filamentous Fungal Secretion and Its Applications in Biotechnology, Agriculture, and the Clinic
The mechanistic understanding for how various molecules are secreted and how the control of secretory pathways and the polar growth of filamentous hyphae can be utilized in diverse settings, including industrial biotechnology, agriculture, and the clinic are summarized.
Understanding and controlling filamentous growth of fungal cell factories: novel tools and opportunities for targeted morphology engineering
Novel genomic, genetic, metabolic, imaging and modelling tools have recently been established that will provide fundamental new insights into filamentous fungal growth and how it is balanced with product formation, and their revolutionary impact on rational morphology engineering and bioprocess control is discussed.
Fungi and Circular Economy: Pleurotus ostreatus Grown on a Substrate with Agricultural Waste of Lavender, and Its Promising Biochemical Profile
The increasing production of essential oils has generated a significant amount of vegetal waste that must be discarded, increasing costs for farmers. In this context, fungi, due to their ability to
Extrusion-based additive manufacturing of fungal-based composite materials using the tinder fungus Fomes fomentarius
The application of mycelium obtained from the tinder fungus F. fomentarius for an extrusion-based additive manufacturing approach to fabricate customized light-weight 3D objects holds great promise for developing light- Weight, stable, and porous fungal-based materials that could replace expanded polystyrene produced from fossil resources.
Rise of the sustainable circular economy platform from waste plastics: A biotechnological perspective
  • D. K. Bora
  • Engineering
    MRS Energy & Sustainability
  • 2020
The circular economy aspects of PET (polyethylene terephthalate) waste conversion into value-added products are discussed concerning different governmental policies and industrial protocol for
Filamentous fungi for future functional food and feed.
Large-scale phenotyping of 1,000 fungal strains for the degradation of non-natural, industrial compounds
The first large-scale phenotyping of more than 1,000 fungal strains with evaluation of their growth and degradation potential towards five industrial, human-designed and recalcitrant compounds, including two synthetic dyes, two lignocellulose-derived compounds and a synthetic plastic polymer is reported.


Current challenges of research on filamentous fungi in relation to human welfare and a sustainable bio-economy: a white paper
This white paper reports on the discussions of the first academic-industry Think Tank meeting and the suggestions made for moving fungal bio(techno)logy forward.
Fungal Enzymes and Yeasts for Conversion of Plant Biomass to Bioenergy and High-Value Products.
  • L. Lange
  • Biology
    Microbiology spectrum
  • 2017
This chapter describes major steps in the conversion of plant biomass to value-added products, which provide a basis for substituting fossil-derived fuels, chemicals, and materials, as well as unlocking the biomass potential of the agricultural harvest to yield more food and feed.
How a fungus shapes biotechnology: 100 years of Aspergillus niger research
This review assesses main developments in the field of A. niger biology over the last 100 years and highlights scientific breakthroughs and discoveries which were influential for both basic and applied fungal research in and outside the A.Niger community.
The amazing potential of fungi: 50 ways we can exploit fungi industrially
This manuscript reviews fifty ways in which fungi can potentially be utilized as biotechnology and provides a flow chart that can be used to convince funding bodies of the importance of fungi for biotechnological research and as potential products.
Enabling community-based metrology for wood-degrading fungi
It is shown that a widely-available and globally-regularized consumer product (Pringles™) can support the growth of wood-degrading fungi, and that growth on Pringles™ can be correlated with growth on a fully-traceable and compositionally characterized substrate (NIST Reference Material 8492 Eastern Cottonwood Biomass).
Direct production of commodity chemicals from lignocellulose using Myceliophthora thermophila.
Biomass-Derived Production of Itaconic Acid as a Building Block in Specialty Polymers
The present review summarizes the latest research regarding major IA production pathways, metabolic engineering procedures, and the synthesis and applications of novel polymeric materials.
Lignin Valorization: Improving Lignin Processing in the Biorefinery
Recent developments in genetic engineering, enhanced extraction methods, and a deeper understanding of the structure of lignin are yielding promising opportunities for efficient conversion of this renewable resource to carbon fibers, polymers, commodity chemicals, and fuels.
Large scale collecting of mushrooms for food has become an industry in many regions and the commercial picking industry is bound to continue to expand, raising several issues, including conservation, ownership, and sustainability of supplies.
Fungal enzyme sets for plant polysaccharide degradation
This mini-review will discuss the enzymes needed for complete degradation of plant polysaccharides and will give an overview of the latest developments concerning fungal carbohydrate-active enzymes and their corresponding families.