Groups in mind : the coalitional roots of war and morality

  title={Groups in mind : the coalitional roots of war and morality},
  author={John Tooby and Leda Cosmides},
War is older than the human species. It is found in every region of the world, among all the branches of humankind. It is found throughout human history, deeply and densely woven into its causal tapestry. It is found in all eras, and in earlier periods no less than later. There is no evidence of it having originated in one place, and spread by contact to others. War is reflected in the most fundamental features of human social life. When indigenous histories are composed, their authors… 
Tribalism in War and Peace: The Nature and Evolution of Ideological Epistemology and Its Significance for Modern Social Science
Abstract We argue that because of a long history of intergroup conflict and competition, humans evolved to be tribal creatures. Tribalism is not inherently bad, but it can lead to ideological
Warlike and Peaceful Societies: The Interaction of Genes and Culture
Are humans violent or peaceful by nature? We are both. In this ambitious and wide-ranging book, Agner Fog presents a ground-breaking new argument that explains the existence of differently organised
Tribalism Is Human Nature
Humans evolved in the context of intense intergroup competition, and groups comprised of loyal members more often succeeded than groups comprised of nonloyal members. Therefore, selective pressures
The myth of declining violence: Liberal evolutionism and violent complexity
The publication of Steven Pinker’s Better Angels of Our Nature popularized an emerging orthodoxy in political and social science – that is, that violence and warfare have been declining over the past
Why are cultures warlike or peaceful? Test of regality theory on 186 non-industrial societies
Regality theory is a theory saying that people show a preference for strong leadership in times of war or collective danger, but a preference for an egalitarian political system in times of peace and
Violence in the prehistoric period of Japan: the spatio-temporal pattern of skeletal evidence for violence in the Jomon period
The results suggest that the mortality due to violence was low and spatio-temporally highly restricted in the Jomon period, which implies that violence including warfare in prehistoric Japan was not common.
Miseries behind Heroism: A Shadowed Part of the Gurkhas in Farwell’s The Gurkhas
  • R. Rai
  • History
    Tribhuvan University Journal
  • 2021
This paper explores and analyzes the miseries, anguish, and hardships experienced by the Gurkhas and their families that are masked by their worldwide name and fame of their bravery in Byron
Psychological Barriers to Evolutionary Psychology: Ideological Bias and Coalitional Adaptations
In this paper, we argue that four interlocking barriers stand in the way of research scientists who seek to understand human social psychology. The first barrier is the political ideology of most
An evolutionary theory of large‐scale human warfare: Group‐structured cultural selection
It is proposed that group‐structured cultural selection explains the phenomenon of dead warriors and how humans solve the problem of collective action in warfare at the evolutionarily novel scale of hundreds of genetically unrelated individuals.
Risk, Uncertainty, and Violence in Eastern Africa
Results support previous worldwide results regarding the relationship between resource unpredictability and warfare frequency and also examine whether resource scarcity predicts more resource-taking in land, movable property, and people, as well as the commission of atrocities.


A History of Warfare.
He examines every branch of warfare in its history, psychology, metallurgy, genetics, logistics, archaeology, tactics and strategy...He is as much at home in the Empire of Babylon as he is on the
An Essay on the Nature and Conduct of the Passions and Affections: With Illustrations on the Moral Sense
Francis Hutcheson is considered by many scholars of philosophy to be the father of the Scottish Enlightenment. He was influential in defining the modern social, political, economic, and institutional
Hierarchy in the Forest
Are humans by nature hierarchical or egalitarian? "Hierarchy in the Forest" addresses this question by examining the evolutionary origins of social and political behavior. Christopher Boehm, an
The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex
I.IF Mr. Darwin had closed his rich series of contributions to Science by the publication of the “Origin of Species,“he would have made an epoch in Natural History like that which Socrates made in
Demonic Males: Apes and the Origins of Human Violence
This study is an analysis of the roots of human savagery, dealing with the fundamental questions of why the majority of violence is perpetrated by men, whether this is a matter of nature or nurture
Britannia's Glories: The Walpole Ministry and the 1739 War with Spain
This first full-length study of the 1739 war with Spain, the so-called 'War of Jenkins' Ear', looks at both the Spanish and the British side of disputes arising from illicit British trading in the
The Segmentary Lineage: An Organization of Predatory Expansion1
An evolutionary perspective is adopted here because it furnishes a practical basis for distinguishing Tiv-Nuer from other "segmentary" societies and, at the same time, it has the power to suggest the circumstances which produce segmentary lineage organization, to "explain" it, at least partly.
Men In Groups
WhenMen in Groups was first published in l969, the New York Times daily critic titled his review "The Disturbing Rediscovery of the Obvious." What was so obvious was male bonding, a phrase that
Rational Ritual: Culture, Coordination, and Common Knowledge.
Game theory shows that in order to coordinate its actions, a group of people must form "common knowledge." Each person wants to participate only if others also participate. Members must have
Ancestral War and the Evolutionary Origins of “Heroism”
Two simulations explore the possibility that heroism evolved as a specialized form of altruism in response to war and show that war selects strongly for heroism but only weakly for a domain-general altruistic propensity that promotes both heroism and other privately costly, group-benefiting behaviors.