Groups confuse predators by exploiting perceptual bottlenecks: a connectionist model of the confusion effect

  title={Groups confuse predators by exploiting perceptual bottlenecks: a connectionist model of the confusion effect},
  author={David C. Krakauer},
  journal={Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology},
  • D. Krakauer
  • Published 1 June 1995
  • Biology
  • Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
Aggregation is a well documented behaviour in a number of animal groups. The “confusion effect” is one mechanism thought to mitigate the success of predators feeding on gregarious prey and hence favour aggregation. An artificial neural network model of prey targeting is developed to explore the advantages prey species might derive through a tendency to group. The network illustrates how an abstract model of the computational mechanisms mediating the perception of prey position is able to show a… 
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