Grouping patients for masseter muscle genotype-phenotype studies.

@article{Moawad2012GroupingPF,
  title={Grouping patients for masseter muscle genotype-phenotype studies.},
  author={H. A. Moawad and A. Sinanan and M. Lewis and N. Hunt},
  journal={The Angle orthodontist},
  year={2012},
  volume={82 2},
  pages={
          261-6
        }
}
OBJECTIVES To use various facial classifications, including either/both vertical and horizontal facial criteria, to assess their effects on the interpretation of masseter muscle (MM) gene expression. MATERIALS AND METHODS Fresh MM biopsies were obtained from 29 patients (age, 16-36 years) with various facial phenotypes. Based on clinical and cephalometric analysis, patients were grouped using three different classifications: (1) basic vertical, (2) basic horizontal, and (3) combined vertical… Expand
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