Group Structure and Female Cooperative Networks in Australia’s Western Desert

  title={Group Structure and Female Cooperative Networks in Australia’s Western Desert},
  author={Brooke A. Scelza and Rebecca Bliege Bird},
  journal={Human Nature},
The division of labor has typically been portrayed as a complementary strategy in which men and women work on separate tasks to achieve a common goal of provisioning the family. In this paper, we propose that task specialization between female kin might also play an important role in women’s social and economic strategies. We use historic group composition data from a population of Western Desert Martu Aborigines to show how women maintained access to same-sex kin over the lifespan. Our results… 
Age at first reproduction and economic change in the context of differing kinship ecologies
  • D. Leonetti, D. C. Nath
  • Sociology
    American journal of human biology : the official journal of the Human Biology Council
  • 2009
In both groups residing in favorable reproductive locations is associated with a faster pace of fertility among women, as well as lower offspring mortality among Khasi, to compensate for a later start.
Female Mobility and Postmarital Kin Access in a Patrilocal Society
Census and interview data from the Himba, a group of semi-nomadic African pastoralists, show that although women have reduced kin propinquity after marriage, more than half of married women are visiting with their kin at a given time and suggest that patrilocality may be less of a constraint on female kin support than has been previously assumed.
Kin Ties and Market Integration in a Yucatec Mayan Village
The importance of kin relationships varies with socioecological demands. Among subsistence agriculturalists, people commonly manage fluctuations in food availability by relying on family members to
Going Home
Despite the challenges of patrilocality and purdah, almost all respondents visited their own mothers, and mothers-in-law were visited far less, which affirm the importance women place on matrilateral ties, even under a countervailing ideology.
What Explains Differences in Men’s and Women’s Production?
The results suggest that production inequalities among Martu emerge from stochastic variation in men’s foraging success on large prey measured against the backdrop of women‘s consistent production of small, low-variance resources.
Fathers' Presence Speeds the Social and Reproductive Careers of Sons
To date, the great majority of human paternal investment studies have focused on the effects that men have on their preadolescent children, mainly in terms of child care and provisioning. These
Hunter-Gatherer Social Networks and Reproductive Success
This is the first exploration in humans of the relationship between reproductive success and different measures of network centrality of 39 Agta and 38 BaYaka mothers and the prediction that individual centrality is positively associated with reproductive fitness is tested.
Dynamics of Postmarital Residence among the Hadza
This paper model the inclusive fitness costs that wives might experience from leaving their own kin and joining their husband’s kin as a function of the number of children in their nuclear family and suggests that such shifts should become less costly to wives as their families grow.
Perceptions of Polygyny: The Effects of Offspring and Other Kin on Co-Wife Satisfaction
  • B. Scelza
  • Sociology
    Biodemography and social biology
  • 2015
Perceptions of polygyny as a function of household demography, particularly the number of female kin present in the household who can provide labor that is largely substitutable to that of a co-wife are understood.


Cooperation and conflict: The behavioral ecology of the sexual division of labor
A new focus on the role of sexual selection in creating compromise and conflict between the sexes has the potential to illuminate many puzzling aspects of human partnerships between men and women.
Factors in the division of labor by sex: a cross-cultural analysis
A division of labor betweeIl the sexes has long been recognized by economists, sociologists, and other behavioral scientists as (I) the original and most basic form of economic specialization and
Women’s work, child care, and helpers-at-the-nest in a hunter-gatherer society
It is found that the sex of the first- or second-born child has no effect on a mother’s fertility or the survival of her offspring.
Helping‐at‐the‐Nest and Sex‐Biased Parental Investment in a Hungarian Gypsy Population
Unlike their counterparts elsewhere, Hungarian Gypsies live in small settled communities, some of which form isolated (Gypsy-only) villages while others form part of a larger urban community whose
Demography of the Dobe! Kung
First published in 1979, this is a classic study of the population of the Bushmen of the Kalahari Deselt of Botswana. Using methods that are simple and fully illustrated, the author presents
Rethinking Polygyny: Co-Wives, Codes, and Cultural Systems [and Comments and Reply]
A new set of codes is offered to begin to unpack the dimensions of polygyny. Included are measures of frequency and statistical distributions of multiple wives, cultural rules, residential
Hunters and gatherers in the modern world: conflict, resistance, and self-determination.
Despite the denial of sovereignty, the world's more than 350 million indigenous peoples continue to assert aboriginal title to significant portions of the world's remaining bio-diversity. As a
Polygyny as a Risk Factor for Child Mortality among the Dogon1
The Dogon village of Sangui in the Malian Sahel had a human population of 460 in January 1988. 54% of the married men in the village had 1 wife 35% had 2 wives and 11% had 3 wives. Polygyny among the