Group Size and Population Structure of Megaherbivores (Gaur Bos gaurus and Asian Elephant Elephas maximus) in a Deciduous Habitat of Western Ghats, India

  title={Group Size and Population Structure of Megaherbivores (Gaur Bos gaurus and Asian Elephant Elephas maximus) in a Deciduous Habitat of Western Ghats, India},
  author={Tharmalingam Ramesh and Kalyanasundaram Sankar and Qamar Qureshi and Riddhika Kalle},
Grouping is an important phenomenon influencing major aspects of social animal lives, such as predation pressure, pathogen pressure, aggression, foraging success, metabolism and sexual selection in animal community (Reiczigel et al. 2008). Moreover, group size is likely to be an insightful reflection of the immediate effect of important ecological parameters such as habitat structure, spatio-temporal distribution of food and predation pressure on group formation (Barrette 1991; Sankar 1994… 
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Social organization of boreal woodland caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou) in response to decreasing annual snow depth
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Measures of Sociality, Social Organization and Population Structure in Blackbuck, Antilope cervicapra (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • JyotiD. Rai
  • Environmental Science
    Proceedings of the Zoological Society
  • 2021
The constant monitoring of sociality in blackbuck will be helpful in understanding population distribution which further helps in planning and establishment of effective conservation strategies for this endemic species.
Group Size and Population Structure of Vulnerable Gaur in an Isolated Tropical Deciduous Forest of Eastern India
  • S. DebataK. K. Swain
  • Environmental Science
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section B: Biological Sciences
  • 2017
The group size, age and sex ratio of gaur was studied in the Tropical Deciduous habitat of Kuldiha Wildlife Sanctuary, Odisha, eastern India, during 2012–2013. Gaurs were observed by regular
Drivers of human-megaherbivore interactions in the Eastern and Western Ghats of southern India.
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In highland areas, the detection frequency of males ranging alone did not differ among different types of vegetation, despite the latter's effect on overall population density.
Assessment of wild Asiatic elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) body condition by simple scoring method in a tropical deciduous forest of Western Ghats, Southern India.
It is suggested that long-term monitoring of body condition evaluation should be carried out not only in Asiatic elephant but even for several other wild ungulates.
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Elephants (Family Elephantidae) are animals that rely on complex social behavior and organization for survival. The current literature on elephant social organization come from studies in African


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Asian elephants are managed using traditional and modern methods but progress still needs to be made to improve welfare, training and breeding for these animals.
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Maduru Oya National Park (58,850 ha) was established as o new consewation areq in the Accelerated Mahaweli Development Programme, mainly to accommodate some of the estimated 800 elephants that were
On the Relationship of Social Evolution and Ecology in Ungulates
  • V. Geist
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  • 1974
Although links do exist between ecology and behavior, they nevertheless represent distinct realms of natural selection in which social behavior appears as the more conservative element, and the theoretical basis for this is discussed.
Behavior and ecology of the Asiatic elephant in southeastern Ceylon
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The Social Organisation of Antelope in Relation To Their Ecology
The paper describes different feeding styles among antelope, in terms of selection of food items and coverage of home ranges, and argues that these feeding styles bear a relationship to maximum group size of feeding animals through the influence of dispersion ofFood items upon group cohesion.
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Sambar and chital were the principle prey species for tiger and leopard, respectively, as inferred from the relative biomass consumption of prey remains in tiger andLeopard scats and the preferred prey species of leopard and tiger were sambar, common langur, wild pig and cattle.
Comparative study of Asiatic elephant Elephas maximus populations in Gal Oya, Sri Lanka