Ground reaction forces and lower extremity kinematics when running with suppressed arm swing.

@article{Miller2009GroundRF,
  title={Ground reaction forces and lower extremity kinematics when running with suppressed arm swing.},
  author={Ross H. Miller and Graham E. Caldwell and Richard E. A. van Emmerik and Brian R. Umberger and Joseph Hamill},
  journal={Journal of biomechanical engineering},
  year={2009},
  volume={131 12},
  pages={124502}
}
The role of arm swing in running has been minimally described, and the contributions of arm motion to lower extremity joint kinematics and external force generation are unknown. These contributions may have implications in the design of musculoskeletal models for computer simulations of running, since previous models have usually not included articulating arm segments. 3D stance phase lower extremity joint angles and ground reaction forces (GRFs) were determined for seven subjects running… CONTINUE READING