Ground plan and evolution of pterothoracic musculature of moths and butterflies (lepidoptera)

@article{Kozlov2012GroundPA,
  title={Ground plan and evolution of pterothoracic musculature of moths and butterflies (lepidoptera)},
  author={M. Kozlov},
  journal={Entomological Review},
  year={2012},
  volume={92},
  pages={162-177}
}
  • M. Kozlov
  • Published 2012
  • Biology
  • Entomological Review
Investigation of the meso- and metathoracic musculature in 62 species of Lepidoptera revealed 40 topographically different muscles, 37 of which presumably belong to the ground plan. The archaic (homoneuran) taxa demonstrate a higher similarity in the musculature of the meso- and metathorax than more advanced (heteroneuran) taxa do. The number of muscles increases with body size but does not depend on the forewing shape or the surface area ratio of the hind and fore wings. Reduction of many… Expand
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