Ground, Symmetric and Central Vortex States in Rotating Bose-einstein Condensates

  title={Ground, Symmetric and Central Vortex States in Rotating Bose-einstein Condensates},
  author={Weizhu Bao and Hanquan Wang and Peter A. Markowich},
We study ground, symmetric and central vortex states, as well as their energy and chemical potential diagrams, in rotating Bose-Einstein condensates (BEC) analytically and numerically. We start from the three-dimensional (3D) Gross-Pitaevskii equation (GPE) with an angular momentum rotation term, scale it to obtain a four-parameter model, reduce it to a 2D GPE in the limiting regime of strong anisotropic confinement and present its semiclassical scaling and geometrical optics. We discuss the… CONTINUE READING
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