Gross and histologic characteristics of laparoscopic injuries with four different energy sources.

@article{Tulikangas2001GrossAH,
  title={Gross and histologic characteristics of laparoscopic injuries with four different energy sources.},
  author={Paul K. Tulikangas and Terry Smith and Tommaso Falcone and Navdeep Boparai and Mark D. Walters},
  journal={Fertility and sterility},
  year={2001},
  volume={75 4},
  pages={806-10}
}
OBJECTIVE To compare the gross and histologic effects of bipolar and monopolar cautery, ultrasonic scalpel, and CO(2) laser on porcine ureter, bladder, and rectum. DESIGN Experimental prospective study. SETTING Cleveland Clinic Foundation Animal Research Laboratory, Cleveland, Ohio. ANIMAL(S) Nonpregnant adult female pigs. INTERVENTION(S) The rectum, bladder, and ureters of 12 female pigs were injured with four different laparoscopic energy sources. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S) Gross… CONTINUE READING

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