Grizzly bear (Ursus arctos horribilis) locomotion: forelimb joint mechanics across speed in the sagittal and frontal planes.

@article{Shine2017GrizzlyB,
  title={Grizzly bear (Ursus arctos horribilis) locomotion: forelimb joint mechanics across speed in the sagittal and frontal planes.},
  author={Catherine L Shine and Charles T. Robbins and O. Lynne Nelson and Craig P. McGowan},
  journal={The Journal of experimental biology},
  year={2017},
  volume={220 Pt 7},
  pages={
          1322-1329
        }
}
The majority of terrestrial locomotion studies have focused on parasagittal motion and paid less attention to forces or movement in the frontal plane. Our previous research has shown that grizzly bears produce higher medial ground reaction forces (lateral pushing from the animal) than would be expected for an upright mammal, suggesting frontal plane movement may be an important aspect of their locomotion. To examine this, we conducted an inverse dynamics analysis in the sagittal and frontal… CONTINUE READING
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