• Published 1985 in
    Department of State publication. Background notes…


Grenada's population characteristics, geographical features, history, political conditions, and foreign relations are profiled. The 1984 population of Grenada has been estimated at 92,000, with an annual growth rate of 0.9%. The population is mainly of black African decent, and Christianity is the principal religion. English is the official language, although some vestigial French patois remains. 6 years of education is compulsory; 85% of the adult population is literate. Grenada's infant mortality rate is 16.7/1000 live births. Life expectancy is 69 years. Of a work force of 36,000, 23.5% are employed in agriculture, 24.1% in industry. The 1983 gross domestic product (GDP) was $116 million, and the 1983 per capita GDP was $1261. Grenada's economy is based largely on agriculture, with tourism becoming an increasingly important source of foreign exchange over the last 15 years. Within agriculture, fresh fruits and vegetables have overtaken cocoa, bananas, and nutmeg as the largest export earner. Despite its potential, Grenada has faced serious economic problems is recent years. Unemployment may be as high as 1/3 of the labor force; the government has had diffculty in balancing its recurrent budget; agricultural revenues and production are down from historical levels; and the tourist industry is only now showing a rebound after several years of decline. Grenada's economy is now undergoing a shift in orientation, in which private sector investment, both domestic and foreign, is seen to be the main engine of economic development.

Cite this paper

@article{1985Grenada, title={Grenada.}, author={}, journal={Department of State publication. Background notes series}, year={1985}, pages={1-4} }