Greenland Ice Evidence of Hemispheric Lead Pollution Two Millennia Ago by Greek and Roman Civilizations

  title={Greenland Ice Evidence of Hemispheric Lead Pollution Two Millennia Ago by Greek and Roman Civilizations},
  author={Sungmin Hong and Jean-Pierre. Candelone and Clair C. Patterson and Claude F. Boutron},
  pages={1841 - 1843}
Analysis of the Greenland ice core covering the period from 3000 to 500 years ago—the Greek, Roman, Medieval and Renaissance times—shows that lead is present at concentrations four times as great as natural values from about 2500 to 1700 years ago (500 B.C. to 300 A.D.). These results show that Greek and Roman lead and silver mining and smelting activities polluted the middle troposphere of the Northern Hemisphere on a hemispheric scale two millennia ago, long before the Industrial Revolution… 

History of Ancient Copper Smelting Pollution During Roman and Medieval Times Recorded in Greenland Ice

Determination of copper concentrations in Greenland ice dated from seven millennia ago to the present showed values exceeding natural levels, beginning about 2500 years ago. This early large-scale

Alpine ice-core evidence for the transformation of the European monetary system, AD 640–670

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Decrease in anthropogenic lead, cadmium and zinc in Greenland snows since the late 1960s

MORE than twenty years ago, Patterson and co-workers1 showed that evidence of lead concentrations in Greenland ice and snow had increased about 200-fold since ancient times. From their results, they

Pre-industrial atmospheric lead contamination detected in Swedish lake sediments

DESPITE evidence from Greenland ice cores for pre-industrial atmospheric trace-metal contamination1,2 it is commonly assumed that air pollution in remote areas is a recent problem caused by

Regional and Historical Aspects of Lead Pollution in Britain

This communication examines the historical trends in lead pollution in Britain by use of nineteenth century and present-day moss specimens, and by peat profiles—methods used also by other workers to demonstratehistorical trends in heavy metal pollution in Scandinavia.

Evidence for general instability of past climate from a 250-kyr ice-core record

RECENT results1,2 from two ice cores drilled in central Greenland have revealed large, abrupt climate changes of at least regional extent during the late stages of the last glaciation, suggesting

Lead concentration changes in Antarctic ice during the Wisconsin/Holocene transition

In order to assess current global lead atmospheric pollution, it is necessary to reconstruct the natural, pre-human atmospheric fluxes of this toxic heavy metal. The time variations of these fluxes

Native Copper, Silver, and Gold Accessible to Early Metallurgists

Abstract The weathered zones of ore deposits, which no longer exist, are reconstructed by inference to provide estimates of relative abundances of usable nuggets of native copper, silver, and gold in

A global assessment of natural sources of atmospheric trace metals

A PROPER inventory of atmospheric emissions from natural sources is basic to our understanding of the atmospheric cycle of the trace metals (and metalloids), and is also needed for assessing the

Trace-element concentrations in erodible soils

Occupational exposure to lead in ancient times.

  • J. Nriagu
  • History
    The Science of the total environment
  • 1983