Greed and Grievance in Civil War

@inproceedings{Collier1999GreedAG,
  title={Greed and Grievance in Civil War},
  author={Paul. Collier and Anke Hoeffler},
  year={1999}
}
We investigate the causes of civil war, using a new data set of wars during 1960-99. We test a `greed’ theory focusing on the ability to finance rebellion, against a`grievance’ theory focusing on ethnic and religious divisions, political repression and inequality. We find that greed considerably outperforms grievance. Consistent with the greed theory, both dependence upon primary commodity exports and a large diaspora substantially increase the risk of conflict. Inconsistent with the grievance… 

Greed, Grievance, and Mobilization in Civil Wars

Greed, grievances, and mobilization are generally offered as explanations for rebellion and civilwar. The authors extend arguments about the precursors to nonviolent protest, violent rebellion, and

Buying War Not Peace

This article presents robust findings for the positive effect of corruption on the risk of ethnic civil war, using binary time-series-cross-section data that cover 87 to 121 countries (per year)

Grievances, economic wealth, and civil conflict

One of the most robust findings in the literature on civil conflicts is that high income levels are associated with a lower risk of conflict onset. This article addresses the wealth-conflict link and

‘Greed’ and ‘Grievance’ as Motivations for Civil War: The Libyan Case

The last decade has been characterised by a lively debate about “greed” and “grievance” as causes of civil wars. Before, arguments about the outbreak of civil wars focused on the irrationality and

‘Greed’ versus ‘Grievance’: A Useful Conceptual Distinction in the Study of Civil War?

Since the end of World War II, civil war has been the most common form of large-scale violent conflict; in total, this type of armed confrontation has killed about sixteen million people (Regan

Beyond greed and grievance: feasibility and civil war

A key distinction among theories of civil war is between those that are built upon motivation and those that are built upon feasibility. We analyze a comprehensive global sample of civil wars for the

Economic Prosperity, Grievances, and Civil Conflict

The ‘greed vs. grievance’ dichotomy has monopolized the debate on the causes of civil conflict. However, there are good reasons to believe that the relationship between civil conflict on one hand,

Square Pegs in Round Holes: Inequalities, Grievances, and Civil War

Much of the recent research on civil war treats explanations rooted in political and economic grievances with considerable suspicion and claims that there is little empirical evidence of any

Functions of violence revisited: greed, pride and grievance in Sri Lanka’s civil war

This paper revisits the rationalist conceptions of warlordism in civil wars, which has amounted into the greed hypothesis as opposed to grievance. This argument states that rebels are not motivated

Rivalry and Revenge. Killing Civilians in the Spanish Civil War

What explains variation in levels of lethal violence across localities during civil wars? In particular, what explains this variation in civil wars that are not irregular, and have quite fixed and
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 58 REFERENCES

On economic causes of civil war

The authors investigate whether civil wars have economic causes. The model is based on utility theory, rebels will conduct a civil war if the perceived benefits outweigh the costs of rebellion. Using

On the Duration of Civil War

This article explores empirically the duration of civil war. It relates the duration of civil war to two alternative models of conflict and culls testable hypotheses from the case study literature on

On the economic consequences of civil war

A model of the economic effects of civil war and the post-war period is developed. A key feature is the adjustment of the capital stock through capital flight. Post-war this flight can either be

Rebellion as a Quasi-Criminal Activity

Economic models of rebellion usually treat it as a form of crime or banditry. However, the analogy is not developed. This article treats rebellion as a distinctive form of organized crime that

Theorizing About Conflict

A People's Tragedy: The Russian Revolution: 1891-1924

The Russian Revolution seized a backward, violent, peasant country and turned it into the world's first 'worker's state'. The cost in blood and misery is now known, but no fully modern narrative of

Africa's Growth Tragedy: Policies and Ethnic Divisions

Explaining cross-country differences in growth rates requires not only an understanding of the link between growth and public policies, but also an understanding of why countries choose different

Resort to Arms: International and Civil Wars, 1816-1980

'Small and Singer have made a valuable collection of data even more valuable by opening up more possibilities for systematic research on conflict.' -- The Annals, Vol 475, Sept 1984 'At first glance

Tracking Democracy's Third Wave with the Polity III Data

This article reports and analyzes an updated version of the widely-used Polity II dataset, consisting of annual indicators of institutional democracy and autocracy for 161 states spanning the years

Toward a Democratic Civil Peace? Democracy, Political Change, and Civil War, 1816–1992

Coherent democracies and harshly authoritarian states have few civil wars, and intermediate regimes are the most conflict-prone. Domestic violence also seems to be associated with political change,
...