Great Is Their Sin

@article{Graves2015GreatIT,
  title={Great Is Their Sin},
  author={Jr. Joseph L. Graves},
  journal={The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science},
  year={2015},
  volume={661},
  pages={24 - 50}
}
  • J. Graves
  • Published 10 August 2015
  • Biology
  • The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
The roots of biological determinism are ancient. Yet despite advances in biological science in the twentieth century, determinist thinking has not been eliminated. This article reviews the history of biological determinism, examining its varieties from its creationist beginnings to present-day biological thinking in the age of genomics. It elucidates the relationship between biological determinism and racialist understandings of human genetic variation. Of particular importance in this regard… 
The Myth of the Genetically Sick African
TLDR
Utilizing the perspectives of evolutionary medicine is a prerequisite for an effective intervention in health disparity and finally dispelling the myth of the genetically sick African.
Why the Nonexistence of Biological Races Does Not Mean the Nonexistence of Racism
Color-blind racism is an ideology that allows persons of the dominant socially defined race (European Americans) to claim that racism is no longer the central factor determining the life chances of
A Qualitative Analysis of How Anthropologists Interpret the Race Construct.
TLDR
This article assesses anthropological thinking about the race concept and its applications using the heuristic of constructors, shifters, and reconcilers to explore the differential ways in which anthropologists describe and interpret how race is constructed.
‘Race-ing’ Back to the Bio-genetic Future?
The inclination towards the end of the book is to engage with a conventional intellectual academic process which presents this work in a linear fashion, such that having provided a series of
From Basic to Humane Genomics Literacy
Genetic essentialism of race is the belief that racial groups have different underlying genetic essences which cause them to differ physically, cognitively, or behaviorally. Apparently, no published
Behavioral Epigenetics: The Underpinnings of Political Psychology
Following the foundational work of the ENCODE project the definition of a gene has changed, from a specific DNA sequence coding for a protein, to a process dominated by epigenetics. Epigenetics is a
Between (Racial) Groups and a Hard Place: An Exploration of Social Science Approaches to Race and Genetics, 2000–2014
TLDR
The present study explores how social scientists have used race, ethnicity, and ancestry in studies published in four social science journals from 2000 to 2014 to indicate the slippage between concepts, classifications, and their use by social scientists in their genetics-related research.
Genes, Race, and Causation: US Public Perspectives About Racial Difference
TLDR
It is argued that these findings highlight that both biological and non-biological forms of understanding race continue to play a role into the politics of race and social difference within contemporary US society.
Back to Basics: Application of the Principles of Bioethics to Heritable Genome Interventions
TLDR
The principles proposed by He and colleagues are examined through the lens of Beauchamp and Childress’ Principles of Biomedical Ethics and the stated goal that the “clinical future” of heritable genome editing was clarified is analyzed.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 150 REFERENCES
Origins of Genetic Determinism in Medieval Creationism
The discovery of statistical laws of heredity by Gregor Mendel was an important advance in biological science. However, Mendel's opinion that the entire character was transmitted was not derived from
Biological complexity emerges from the ashes of genetic reductionism.
TLDR
The outstanding success of molecular biology in unravelling the structural and chemical basis of living processes is indeed a clear testimony of the value of reductionism as an analytical methodology.
Religion , polygenism and the early science of human origins
American polygenism was a provocative scientific movement whose controversial claim that humankind did not share a common ancestor caused a firestorm among naturalists and the lay public beginning in
Explanatory Loops and the Limits of Genetic Reductionism
TLDR
This work reconstructs genetic determinism as a reductionist thesis to the effect that the molecular properties of cells can be accounted for to a great extent by their genetic outfit and develops a non‐reductionist argument that is confined to the structural characteristics of biomolecules.
Against racial medicine
TLDR
In this essay Graves and Rose construct a case against racial medicine, arguing that medicine should take both social environment and population genetics into account, instead of dubious ‘races’ that inappropriately conflate the two.
Biology for the 21st Century: The Search for a Core
TLDR
From animal behavior to plant growth cycles, prehistoric peoples depended on their accumulated knowledge of what the authors would term descriptive biology to survive the rigors of an often unforgiving Mother Nature.
The Genomic Challenge to the Social Construction of Race
Recent research on the human genome challenges the basic assumption that human races have no biological basis. In this article, we provide a theoretical synthesis that accepts the existence of
Adam's Ancestors: Race, Religion, and the Politics of Human Origins
Although the idea that all human beings are descended from Adam is a long-standing conviction in the West, another version of this narrative exists: human beings inhabited the Earth before, or
Louis Agassiz and the Races of Man
TLDR
Agassiz's position demonstrated the manner in which a scientific theory was made to serve a social doctrine, thus illustrating the important relationship between science and society in nineteenthcentury America.
What a tangled web he weaves
TLDR
It is concluded that neither Rushton's use of the theory nor the data that he has assembled could possibly test any meaningful hypotheses concerning human evolution and/or the distribution of genetic variation relating to reproductive strategies or `intelligence', however defined.
...
...