Gravothermal collapse of self-interacting dark matter halos and the origin of massive black holes.

@article{Balberg2002GravothermalCO,
  title={Gravothermal collapse of self-interacting dark matter halos and the origin of massive black holes.},
  author={Shmuel Balberg and Stuart L. Shapiro},
  journal={Physical review letters},
  year={2002},
  volume={88 10},
  pages={
          101301
        }
}
Black hole formation is an inevitable consequence of relativistic core collapse following the gravothermal catastrophe in self-interacting dark matter (SIDM) halos. Very massive SIDM halos form supermassive black holes (SMBHs) > or about 10(6)M(middle dot in circle) directly. Smaller halos believed to form by redshift z = 5 produce seed black holes of (10(2)-10(3))M(middle dot in circle) which can merge and/or accrete to reach the observational SMBH range. This scenario for SMBH formation… 

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