Gravity Surveying in Early Geophysics. I. From Time-Keeping to Figure of the Earth

@article{Howarth2007GravitySI,
  title={Gravity Surveying in Early Geophysics. I. From Time-Keeping to Figure of the Earth},
  author={Richard J. Howarth},
  journal={Earth Sciences History},
  year={2007},
  volume={26},
  pages={201-228}
}
  • R. Howarth
  • Published 2007
  • Geology
  • Earth Sciences History
This two-part review of the development of the measurement of the Earth's gravity field, and its application to geology, up to the early 1960s, is intended primarily for an earth-science readership. The focus here is on the pendulum, which played the dominant role in measurement of the intensity of gravity (g), both in absolute (at national observatories) and relative terms (at field stations), until the early twentieth century. Following discovery of the properties of the pendulum and its… 

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