Gravity Field of the Moon from the Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory (GRAIL) Mission

@article{Zuber2013GravityFO,
  title={Gravity Field of the Moon from the Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory (GRAIL) Mission},
  author={Maria T. Zuber and David E. Smith and Michael M. Watkins and Sami W. Asmar and Alex S. Konopliv and Frank LeMoine and H. Jay Melosh and Gregory A. Neumann and Roger J. Phillips and Sean C. Solomon and Mark A. Wieczorek and James G. Williams and Sander Goossens and G. L. Kruizinga and Erwan M. Mazarico and Ryan S. Park and Dah‐Ning Yuan},
  journal={Science},
  year={2013},
  volume={339},
  pages={668 - 671}
}
The Holy GRAIL? The gravity field of a planet provides a view of its interior and thermal history by revealing areas of different density. GRAIL, a pair of satellites that act as a highly sensitive gravimeter, began mapping the Moon's gravity in early 2012. Three papers highlight some of the results from the primary mission. Zuber et al. (p. 668, published online 6 December) discuss the overall gravity field, which reveals several new tectonic and geologic features of the Moon. Impacts have… 
The Crust of the Moon as Seen by GRAIL
TLDR
The Moon's gravity field shows that the lunar crust is less dense and more porous than was thought, and high-resolution gravity data obtained from the dual Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory (GRAIL) spacecraft show that the bulk density of the Moon's highlands crust is substantially lower than generally assumed.
Ancient Igneous Intrusions and Early Expansion of the Moon Revealed by GRAIL Gravity Gradiometry
TLDR
The Moon's gravity map shows that the crust is cut by extensive magmatic dikes, perhaps implying a period of early expansion, and application of gravity gradiometry to observations by the GRAIL mission results in the identification of a population of linear gravity anomalies with lengths of hundreds of kilometers.
Gravity field of the Orientale basin from the Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory Mission
TLDR
The Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory (GRAIL) mission used to investigate the gravitational field of Orientale at 3- to 5-kilometer horizontal resolution to reveal structure in the Orientale impact crater.
Geophysical insights into the histories of Venus, Mercury and the Moon
Gravity and topography data provide a powerful tool for studying the interiors of rocky planetary bodies. In this thesis I study three such bodies Venus, Mercury and the Moon and I use the gravity
Lunar Megaregolith Structure Revealed by GRAIL Gravity Data
We use gravity data from NASA's GRAIL mission to characterize the porosity structure of the upper lunar crust. We analyze the gravitational anomalies produced by the porosity of craters with
GRAIL gravity constraints on the vertical and lateral density structure of the lunar crust
We analyzed data from the Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory (GRAIL) mission using a localized admittance approach to map out spatial variations in the vertical density structure of the lunar
The JPL lunar gravity field to spherical harmonic degree 660 from the GRAIL Primary Mission
The lunar gravity field and topography provide a way to probe the interior structure of the Moon. Prior to the Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory (GRAIL) mission, knowledge of the lunar gravity
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 60 REFERENCES
The Crust of the Moon as Seen by GRAIL
TLDR
The Moon's gravity field shows that the lunar crust is less dense and more porous than was thought, and high-resolution gravity data obtained from the dual Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory (GRAIL) spacecraft show that the bulk density of the Moon's highlands crust is substantially lower than generally assumed.
Ancient Igneous Intrusions and Early Expansion of the Moon Revealed by GRAIL Gravity Gradiometry
TLDR
The Moon's gravity map shows that the crust is cut by extensive magmatic dikes, perhaps implying a period of early expansion, and application of gravity gradiometry to observations by the GRAIL mission results in the identification of a population of linear gravity anomalies with lengths of hundreds of kilometers.
Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory (GRAIL): Mapping the Lunar Interior from Crust to Core
The Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory (GRAIL) is a spacecraft-to-spacecraft tracking mission that was developed to map the structure of the lunar interior by producing a detailed map of the
Improved gravity field of the moon from lunar prospector
An improved gravity model from Doppler tracking of the Lunar Prospector (LP) spacecraft reveals three new large mass concentrations (mascons) on the nearside of the moon beneath the impact basins
Internal structure and early thermal evolution of Mars from Mars Global Surveyor topography and gravity.
TLDR
The strength of the lithosphere beneath the ancient southern highlands suggests that the northern hemisphere was a locus of high heat flow early in martian history and the thickness of the elastic lithosphere increases with time of loading in the northern plains and Tharsis.
Gravity Field and Internal Structure of Mercury from MESSENGER
TLDR
The results point to an interior structure that differs from those of the other terrestrial planets: the density of the planet's solid outer shell suggests the existence of a deep reservoir of high-density material, possibly an Fe-S layer.
Major lunar crustal terranes: Surface expressions and crust‐mantle origins
In light of global remotely sensed data, the igneous crust of the Moon can no longer be viewed as a simple, globally stratified cumulus structure, composed of a flotation upper crust of anorthosite
Mission Design Overview for the Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory (GRAIL) Mission
The Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory (GRAIL) Mission – a NASA Discovery Program mission currently in development and scheduled to launch in September 2011 – will make a high resolution
Recent Gravity Models as a Result of the Lunar Prospector Mission
The lunar gravity field is determined from the tracking data of previous missions to the Moon with the 1998–1999 Lunar Prospector (LP) mission being the major contributor. LP provided the first
Farside Gravity Field of the Moon from Four-Way Doppler Measurements of SELENE (Kaguya)
TLDR
The farside gravity field of the Moon is improved from the tracking data of the Selenological and Engineering Explorer via a relay subsatellite, revealing that the farsides has negative anomaly rings unlike positive anomalies on the nearside.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...