Gravitational Waves and Gamma-Rays from a Binary Neutron Star Merger: GW170817 and GRB 170817A

@article{Abbott2017GravitationalWA,
  title={Gravitational Waves and Gamma-Rays from a Binary Neutron Star Merger: GW170817 and GRB 170817A},
  author={Brad Abbott and Richard J. Abbott and Thomas Abbott and Fausto Acernese and Kendall Ackley and Christopher M. Adams and Todd Adams and Paolo Addesso and Rana X. Adhikari and Vaishali B. Adya and Christoph Affeldt and Mohammad Afrough and Bhanu Agarwal and Michalis Agathos and Kazuhiro Agatsuma and Nancy Aggarwal and Odylio D. Aguiar and Lloyd Paul Aiello and Anirban Ain and Parameswaran Ajith and Bruce Allen and Gabrielle Allen and Annalisa Allocca and Miguel A. Aloy and Paul A Altin and A. Amato and Alena Ananyeva and Stuart B. Anderson and Warren G. Anderson and S. V. Angelova and Sarah Antier and Stephen Appert and Koji Arai and M. C. Araya and Joseph S. Areeda and Nicolas Arnaud and K. G. Arun and Stefano Ascenzi and Gregory Ashton and Melanie Ast and Stuart M. Aston and Pia Astone and D. V. Atallah and Peter Aufmuth and Carsten Aulbert and K. AultONeal and Christopher C. Austin and Adriana {\'A}vila-{\'A}lvarez and Stanislav Babak and Philippe Bacon and M. K. M. Bader and S Bae and Paul T. Baker and F. Baldaccini and Giulio Ballardin and Stefan W. Ballmer and Sharan Banagiri and J. C. B. Barayoga and S. E. Barclay and Barry C. Barish and Daniel H. N. Barker and Kevin Barkett and Fabrizio Barone and Bryan W Barr and Lisa Barsotti and Matteo Barsuglia and D{\'a}niel Barta and James G. Bartlett and Imre Bartos and Riccardo Bassiri and Andrea Basti and J. C. Batch and Mateusz Bawaj and Joseph Bayley and Marco Bazzan and Bence B{\'e}csy and Christian Beer and Michał Bejger and I. Belahcene and A. S. Bell and B. K. Berger and Gerald Bergmann and J. J. Bero and Christopher P. L. Berry and Diego Bersanetti and Alessandro Bertolini and Joe Betzwieser and Swetha Bhagwat and R. Bhandare and I. A. Bilenko and G Billingsley and Chris Billman and Jeremy Birch and Ross Birney and Ofek Birnholtz and S{\'e}bastien Biscans and Sylvia Biscoveanu and A. Bisht and Massimiliano Bitossi and Christopher Michael Biwer and M. A. Bizouard and J. K. Blackburn and Jonathan Blackman and Carl Blair and David G Blair and R. M. Blair and Steven Bloemen and Oliver Bock and Nina Bode and Michel Boer and Gilles Bogaert and Alejandro Boh{\'e} and F. Bondu and Edgard Bonilla and R. Bonnand and Boris A. Boom and R. G. Bork and Valerio Boschi and Suvadeep Bose and K. Bossie and Yann Bouffanais and Aaron T. Bozzi and C. Bradaschia and Patrick R. Brady and Marica Branchesi and James E. Brau and Tristan Briant and A. Brillet and Martin Brinkmann and V. Brisson and Patrick Brockill and J. E. Broida and A. F. Brooks and D. A. Brown and D. D. Brown and Sharon Brunett and C. C. Buchanan and A. Buikema and Tomasz Bulik and H. J. Bulten and Alessandra Buonanno and D. Buskulic and Christelle Buy and Robert L. Byer and Miriam Cabero and Laura Cadonati and Gianpietro Cagnoli and C. Cahillane and Juan Calder{\'o}n Bustillo and Thomas A. Callister and Enrico Calloni and Jordan B. Camp and Maurizio Canepa and Priscilla Canizares and Kipp C. Cannon and H. Cao and Junwei Cao and C. D. Capano and E. Capocasa and Franco Carbognani and Santiago Caride and Matthew Carney and J. Casanueva Diaz and Claudio Casentini and Sarah Caudill and Marco Cavagli{\`a} and F. Cavalier and R. Cavalieri and Giancarlo Cella and Carlos Cepeda and Pablo Cerd{\'a}-Dur{\'a}n and G. Cerretani and Elisa Cesarini and Sydney JoAnne Chamberlin and Man Leong Chan and S. Chao and Philip R. Charlton and Eve A. Chase and {\'E}ric Chassande-Mottin and Deep Chatterjee and K. Chatziioannou and Belinda D. Cheeseboro and Hsiao-Wen Chen and Xun Chen and Y. R. Chen and Hai-Ping Cheng and Hanyu Chia and Andrea Chincarini and Antonino Chiummo and T. Chmiel and H. S. Cho and M. Cho and Jong H. Chow and Nelson Christensen and Qi Chu and Alvin J. K. Chua and Sheon S Y Chua and Adrian Ka-Wai Chung and Shin Kee Chung and Giacomo Ciani and Riccardo Ciolfi and Caterina Cirelli and A Cirone and Filiberto Clara and James Alexander Clark and Patrick Clearwater and F. Cleva and Candida Gori Cocchieri and Eugenio Coccia and P.-F. Cohadon and David Cohen and Alberto Colla and Christophe Collette and Lynn R. Cominsky and Marcio Constancio and L Conti and Steven J. Cooper and P. Corban and Thomas R. Corbitt and Isabel Cordero-Carri{\'o}n and K. Rainer Corley and Neil J. Cornish and Alessandra Corsi and Samuele Cortese and C. A. Costa and Michael W. Coughlin and S Coughlin and J.-P. Coulon and Stefanie Countryman and Peter Couvares and P. B. Covas and Edith Cowan and D. M. Coward and M. J. Cowart and D. C. Coyne and Robert Coyne and Jolien D. E. Creighton and T. D. Creighton and Jonathan Cripe and S. Gwynne Crowder and Torrey Cullen and Andrew Cumming and L. Cunningham and Elena Cuoco and Tito Dal Canton and Gergely D{\'a}lya and S L Danilishin and Sabrina D’Antonio and Karsten Danzmann and Abhigyan Dasgupta and Carlos F. Da Silva Costa and Vincenzino Dattilo and Itishri Dave and M. Davier and Derek Davis and E J Daw and B. Day and Soumi De and Daniel B. DeBra and J{\'e}r{\^o}me Degallaix and Martina de Laurentis and Samuel Deleglise and Walter del Pozzo and N. Demos and Thomas Denker and Thomas Dent and Roberto De Pietri and Vladimir Dergachev and Rosario De Rosa and R. T. Derosa and Camilla de Rossi and Riccardo DeSalvo and Omar de Varona and Jan Devenson and Sanjeev V. Dhurandhar and M. C. D{\'i}az and L. Di Fiore and Matteo di Giovanni and Tristano Di Girolamo and Alberto Di Lieto and Sibilla Di Pace and I. Di Palma and Francesco Di Renzo and Zoheyr Doctor and Vincent Dolique and Frederick J. Donovan and K L Dooley and Suresh Doravari and Iain Dorrington and Rebecca Douglas and Miguel Dovale {\'A}lvarez and Turlough P. Downes and M. Drago and Christoph Dreissigacker and J C Driggers and Zhihui Du and M. Ducrot and Peter Dupej and Sheila E. Dwyer and Tega Boro Edo and Matthew C. Edwards and Anamaria Effler and Heinz-Bernd Eggenstein and Phil Ehrens and Jan Eichholz and Stephen S. Eikenberry and Robert A. Eisenstein and Reed Essick and D Estevez and Zachariah B. Etienne and Taylor M. Etzel and Matthew Evans and Thomas M. Evans and M. Factourovich and V Fafone and H. Fair and Stephen Fairhurst and Xiaohui Fan and Stefania Farinon and Benjamin Farr and Will M. Farr and Edward Fauchon-Jones and Marc Favata and Maxime Fays and Christopher Fee and Henning Fehrmann and Jon R. Feicht and Martin M. Fejer and {\'A}lvaro Fern{\'a}ndez-Galiana and I. Ferrante and E. C. Ferreira and Federico Ferrini and Francesco Fidecaro and Daniel Finstad and Irene Fiori and D Fiorucci and Maya Fishbach and Rebecca Fisher and M. Fitz-Axen and R. Flaminio and Mark Fletcher and Heather Fong and Jos{\'e} A. Font and P W F Forsyth and Sophie Forsyth and J.-D. Fournier and Sergio Frasca and F. Frasconi and Zsolt Frei and Andreas Freise and Raymond E. Frey and Volker Frey and Erin Murphy Fries and P. Fritschel and Valery Victor Frolov and P. J. Fulda and Matthew Fyffe and Hunter Gabbard and Bhooshan Gadre and Sebastian M. Gaebel and Jonathan R. Gair and Luca Gammaitoni and Miftar Ganija and Sampada Gaonkar and Cecilio Garc{\'i}a-Quir{\'o}s and F. Garufi and Bubba Gateley and Sergio Del Gaudio and G. Gaur and V. Gayathri and Neil Gehrels and Gianluca Gemme and Emmanuelle G{\'e}nin and A. Gennai and Daniel George and Julia George and L'aszl'o 'A. Gergely and Vincent Germain and Sudarshan Ghonge and Abhirup Ghosh and Archisman Ghosh and Shaon Ghosh and J. A. Giaime and Krystal Giardina and A. Giazotto and Karl Gill and Lamar Glover and E Goetz and Ryan P. Goetz and S. Gomes and Boris Goncharov and Gabriela Gonz{\'a}lez and J. M. Gonzalez Castro and A. Gopakumar and Michael L. Gorodetsky and Sarah E. Gossan and Matthieu Gosselin and R. Gouaty and Aniello Grado and Christian Graef and Massimo Granata and A. Grant and Slawomir Gras and C. Gray and Giuseppe Greco and Andrew Green and E. M. Gretarsson and Paul J. 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A. van Veggel and M Vardaro and Vijay Varma and Steve Vass and M{\'a}ty{\'a}s Vas{\'u}th and Alberto Vecchio and Gabriele Vedovato and John Veitch and Peter J. Veitch and Krishna Venkateswara and Gautam Venugopalan and D. Verkindt and F. Vetrano and Andrea Vicer{\`e} and Aaron D. Viets and Serena Vinciguerra and David Vine and J.-Y. Vinet and Salvatore Vitale and Thomas Vo and Helios Vocca and Cheryl Vorvick and Sergey P. Vyatchanin and Andrew R. Wade and Leslie E. Wade and Madeline Wade and R. C. Walet and Marissa Walker and L. Wallace and Sin'ead Walsh and G. Wang and H. Wang and Junfeng Wang and W. H. Wang and Yanzhi Wang and Robert L. Ward and Jimmy Warner and Michal Was and Jennifer Watchi and Betsy Weaver and L.-W. Wei and Michael Weinert and Allan J. Weinstein and Rainer Weiss and Linqing Wen and Erik Wessel and Peter Wessels and Julian Westerweck and Tobias Westphal and Karl Wette and James Whelan and S. E. Whitcomb and Bernard Whiting and Chris Whittle and Dennis Wilken and D Williams and Roy Williams and Andrew Williamson and Josh Willis and Benno Willke and M. H. Wimmer and Walter Winkler and Christopher C. Wipf and Holger Wittel and Graham Woan and J. Woehler and J. K. Wofford and K. W. K. Wong and John R. Worden and J. Lenore Wright and D. S. Wu and Daniel Wysocki and S. Xiao and H. Yamamoto and Cregg C. Yancey and L. Yang and Min Jet Yap and Maher Yazback and Hang Yu and Haocun Yu and M. Yvert and Adam Zadrożny and Michele Zanolin and T. I. Zelenova and Jean Pierre Zendri and Michael Zevin and Lei Zhang and Mingyong Zhang and T. X. Zhang and Y. Zhang and Chunnong Zhao and Minchuan Zhou and Zifan Zhou and S. J. Zhu and X J Zhu and Aaron Zimmerman and Michael Edward Zucker and J. G. Zweizig and Eric Burns and P{\'e}ter Veres and D. Kocevski and Judith L. Racusin and Adam Goldstein and Valerie Connaughton and M S Briggs and Lindy Blackburn and Rachel Hamburg and C. M. Hui and A. von Kienlin and J. Mcenery and R. D. Preece and Colleen A. Wilson-Hodge and Elisabetta Bissaldi and William H. Cleveland and Melissa Gibby and Misty M. Giles and R. Marc Kippen and Sheila McBreen and Charles A. Meegan and W. S. Paciesas and S. Poolakkil and Oliver J. Roberts and Matthew Stanbro and V. Savchenko and Carlo Ferrigno and Erik Kuulkers and Alessandra Bazzano and Enrico Bozzo and S{\o}ren Brandt and J{\'e}r{\^o}me Chenevez and T. J.-L. Courvoisier and Roland Diehl and Albert Domingo and Lorraine Hanlon and Erick Jourdain and Philippe Laurent and F. Lebrun and Alexander A. Lutovinov and Sandro Mereghetti and Lorenzo Natalucci and James Rodi and J. P. Roques and Rashid Sunyaev and Pietro Ubertini},
  journal={The Astrophysical Journal},
  year={2017},
  volume={848},
  pages={1-27}
}
On 2017 August 17, the gravitational-wave event GW170817 was observed by the Advanced LIGO and Virgo detectors, and the gamma-ray burst (GRB) GRB 170817A was observed independently by the Fermi Gamma-ray Burst Monitor, and the Anti-Coincidence Shield for the Spectrometer for the International Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory. The probability of the near-simultaneous temporal and spatial observation of GRB 170817A and GW170817 occurring by chance is $5.0\times {10}^{-8}$. We therefore confirm… 

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Do the Fermi Gamma-Ray Burst Monitor and Swift Burst Alert Telescope see the Same Short Gamma-Ray Bursts?
Compact binary system mergers are expected to generate gravitational radiation detectable by ground-based interferometers. A subset of these, the merger of a neutron star with another neutron star or
Closing in on a Short-Hard Burst Progenitor: Constraints from Early-Time Optical Imaging and Spectroscopy of a Possible Host Galaxy of GRB 050509b
The localization of the short-duration, hard-spectrum gamma-ray burst GRB 050509b by the Swift satellite was a watershed event. We report the discovery of the probable host galaxy, a bright
THE LOCAL RATE AND THE PROGENITOR LIFETIMES OF SHORT-HARD GAMMA-RAY BURSTS: SYNTHESIS AND PREDICTIONS FOR THE LASER INTERFEROMETER GRAVITATIONAL-WAVE OBSERVATORY
The recent discovery of the first four afterglows of short-hard gamma-ray bursts (SHBs) suggests that they typically result from long-lived progenitor systems. The most popular progenitor model
Improved methods for detecting gravitational waves associated with short gamma-ray bursts
In the era of second generation ground-based gravitational wave detectors, short gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) will be among the most promising astrophysical events for joint electromagnetic and
A gravitational-wave standard siren measurement of the Hubble constant
TLDR
A measurement of the Hubble constant is reported that combines the distance to the source inferred purely from the gravitational-wave signal with the recession velocity inferred from measurements of the redshift using the electromagnetic data.
Short-Duration Gamma-Ray Bursts
Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) display a bimodal duration distribution with a separation between the short- and long-duration bursts at about 2 s. The progenitors of long GRBs have been identified as
Detecting an association between gamma-ray and gravitational wave bursts
If $\ensuremath{\gamma}$-ray bursts (GRBs) are accompanied by gravitational wave bursts (GWBs) the correlated output of two gravitational wave detectors evaluated in the moments just prior to a GRB
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