Graphing: Cognitive ability or practice?

@article{Roth1997GraphingCA,
  title={Graphing: Cognitive ability or practice?},
  author={Wolff‐Michael Roth and Michelle K. McGinn},
  journal={Science Education},
  year={1997},
  volume={81},
  pages={91-106}
}
Traditional views conceive graphing as knowledge represented in students' minds. We show in our critique that such views lead to a common assessment problem of how to account for variations in performance across contexts and tasks, and a common attribution problem that locates difficulties in students' deficient cognitive apparatus. Grounded in recent research of scientists at work and everyday cognition, this article provides an alternative perspective that conceives of graphing as observable… 

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