Graphene for controlled and accelerated osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells.

  title={Graphene for controlled and accelerated osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells.},
  author={Tapas Ranjan Nayak and Henrik Andersen and Venkata S. Makam and Clement Khaw and Sukang Bae and Xiangfan Xu and Pui Lai Rachel Ee and Jong-Hyun Ahn and Byung Hee Hong and Giorgia Pastorin and Barbaros {\"O}zyilmaz},
  journal={ACS nano},
  volume={5 6},
Current tissue engineering approaches combine different scaffold materials with living cells to provide biological substitutes that can repair and eventually improve tissue functions. Both natural and synthetic materials have been fabricated for transplantation of stem cells and their specific differentiation into muscles, bones, and cartilages. One of the key objectives for bone regeneration therapy to be successful is to direct stem cells' proliferation and to accelerate their differentiation… 

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