Graphene: Status and Prospects

  title={Graphene: Status and Prospects},
  pages={1530 - 1534}
Expanding Flatland Since its discovery and isolation some 5 years ago, research on graphene has exploded. The sheets of carbon atoms, just one atom thick, exhibit a vast array of properties—mechanical, optical, and electrical—that make it an ideal test bed to probe fundamental problems in physics, as well as lending itself to a wide portfolio of applications. Geim (p. 1530), the discoverer of this remarkable material, reviews recent advances and discusses what other developments may be in store… 

Graphene: A Review

Graphene is first truly two-dimensional crystalline material and it is representative of whole new class of 2D materials. Graphene is a name given to a deceptively simple and tightly packed layer of

Super Material Borophene: Next Generation of Graphene

We talked about how the new wonder material borophene is stronger and more flexible than graphene in this research. It’s an excellent conductor of both electricity and heat, as well as a

Challenges in the Manufacturing and Operations of Graphene

Graphene is a two-dimensional, atomic-scale, honey-comb lattice in which one atom forms each vertex. It is the basic structural element of other allotropes, including graphite, charcoal, carbon

Graphene for next generation magnetic devices: A first-principles study

Graphene, an atomic thin sheet of monolayer carbon atoms, is deemed to replace silicon and revolutionize the electronics industry. It has massless Dirac fermions and exhibits ballistic charge

Graphene: The Material of Today and Tomorrow

Graphene has astounding aptitudes owing to its unique band structure characteristics outlining its enhanced electrical capabilities for a material with the highest characteristic mobility known to

Fundamentals of Fascinating Graphene Nanosheets: A Comprehensive Study

Graphene nanosheets have attracted immense research interest among the materials science community from electronics to the biomedical field. Being the first member of two-dimensional nanomaterials

Work Function Engineering of Graphene

This article highlights the different ways of surface modification, which have been used to specifically modify the band gap of graphene and its work function, and gives some indication of future challenges and possibilities.

The electrochemistry of CVD graphene: progress and prospects.

Recent developments in the fabrication of CVD graphene are overviewed and its utilisation in electrochemistry is explored, considering its fundamental understanding through to applications in sensing and energy related devices.

Extreme sensitivity of graphene photoconductivity to environmental gases

It is shown that the photoconductivity of graphene at terahertz frequencies is dramatically altered by the adsorption of atmospheric gases, such as nitrogen and oxygen.



The rise of graphene.

Owing to its unusual electronic spectrum, graphene has led to the emergence of a new paradigm of 'relativistic' condensed-matter physics, where quantum relativistic phenomena can now be mimicked and tested in table-top experiments.

Towards wafer-size graphene layers by atmospheric pressure graphitization of silicon carbide.

The new growth process introduced here establishes a method for the synthesis of graphene films on a technologically viable basis and produces monolayer graphene films with much larger domain sizes than previously attainable.

The structure of suspended graphene sheets

These studies by transmission electron microscopy reveal that individual graphene sheets freely suspended on a microfabricated scaffold in vacuum or air are not perfectly flat: they exhibit intrinsic microscopic roughening such that the surface normal varies by several degrees and out-of-plane deformations reach 1 nm.

Substrate-induced bandgap opening in epitaxial graphene.

It is shown that when graphene is epitaxially grown on SiC substrate, a gap of approximately 0.26 eV is produced and it is proposed that the origin of this gap is the breaking of sublattice symmetry owing to the graphene-substrate interaction.

Large-scale pattern growth of graphene films for stretchable transparent electrodes

The direct synthesis of large-scale graphene films using chemical vapour deposition on thin nickel layers is reported, and two different methods of patterning the films and transferring them to arbitrary substrates are presented, implying that the quality of graphene grown by chemical vapours is as high as mechanically cleaved graphene.

Control of Graphene's Properties by Reversible Hydrogenation: Evidence for Graphane

This work illustrates the concept of graphene as a robust atomic-scale scaffold on the basis of which new two-dimensional crystals with designed electronic and other properties can be created by attaching other atoms and molecules.

Preparation and characterization of graphene oxide paper

Graphene oxide paper is reported, a free-standing carbon-based membrane material made by flow-directed assembly of individual graphene oxide sheets that outperforms many other paper-like materials in stiffness and strength.

Wafer-scale reduced graphene oxide films for nanomechanical devices.

Graphene oxide films' ability to withstand high in-plane tension as well as their high Q-values reveals that film integrity is enhanced by platelet-platelet bonding unavailable in pure graphite.

High-yield production of graphene by liquid-phase exfoliation of graphite.

Graphene dispersions with concentrations up to approximately 0.01 mg ml(-1), produced by dispersion and exfoliation of graphite in organic solvents such as N-methyl-pyrrolidone are demonstrated.

Origin of anomalous electronic structures of epitaxial graphene on silicon carbide.

It is reported that a novel interfacial atomic structure occurs between graphene and the surface of silicon carbide, destroying the Dirac point of graphene and opening a substantial energy gap there, resolving a long standing experimental controversy on the periodicity of the interfacial superstructures.