Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) counteracts the inhibiting effect of monocytes on natural killer (NK) cells.


GM-CSF is known to accelerate haematopoietic recovery following allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT). In addition, it may restore and enhance both granulocyte and monocyte functions. Stimulation of monocyte functions may induce a direct or an indirect anti-leukaemic activity due to an increase of cellular cytotoxicity and production of cytokines… (More)

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