Granting Forgiveness or Harboring Grudges: Implications for Emotion, Physiology, and Health

  title={Granting Forgiveness or Harboring Grudges: Implications for Emotion, Physiology, and Health},
  author={Charlotte vanOyen Witvliet and Thomas E. Ludwig and Kelly L. Vander Laan},
  journal={Psychological Science},
  pages={117 - 123}
Interpersonal offenses frequently mar relationships. Theorists have argued that the responses victims adopt toward their offenders have ramifications not only for their cognition, but also for their emotion, physiology, and health. This study examined the immediate emotional and physiological effects that occurred when participants (35 females, 36 males) rehearsed hurtful memories and nursed grudges (i.e., were unforgiving) compared with when they cultivated empathic perspective taking and… Expand
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An intervention, with forgiveness toward their abuser as the goal, was implemented with 12 female incest survivors, and the experimental group gained more than the control group in forgiveness and hope and decreased significantly more in anxiety and depression. Expand
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The emotion probe. Studies of motivation and attention.
  • P. Lang
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The American psychologist
  • 1995
Using a large emotional picture library, reliable affective psychophysiologies are shown, defined by the judged valence (appetitive/pleasant or aversive/unpleasant) and arousal of picture percepts. Expand