The immunohistochemical localization of synaptophysin protein (p38) in the gastro-entero-pancreatic (GEP) system of reptiles.
The occurrence and cellular distribution of chromogranin A (CgA) and of two synthetic secretogranin II (SgII)-fragments (termed C23-3 and C26-3) has been investigated immunohistochemically in the endocrine pancreas of five amphibian species. Immunoreactivity for CgA was detected only in specimens of the genus Rana, whereas for SgII it was found in all the urodeles and anurans studied. Either CgA or the SgII-fragment displayed its own cellular distribution patterns in the endocrine pancreas of a given species. Moreover, immunoreactivity for both regions (C23-3 and C26-3) of the SgII-molecule exhibited by the same endocrine cell population have been encountered in newt and frog organs. Besides the interspecific heterogeneous distribution of CgA and of the two SgII-fragments in relation to the insular cell types, a striking heterogeneity of their immunostaining density among the endocrine cells of the same type was also revealed. The above findings entirely support the concept of a good conservation of granins during phylogeny; they do not support, however, the previously ascribed usefulness of these anionic glycoproteins as markers for all neuro-endocrine cells.