Gram-scale bottom-up flash graphene synthesis

@article{Luong2020GramscaleBF,
  title={Gram-scale bottom-up flash graphene synthesis},
  author={Duy Xuan Luong and Ksenia V. Bets and Wala A Algozeeb and Michael G. Stanford and Carter Kittrell and Weiyin Chen and Rodrigo Villegas Salvatierra and Muqing Ren and Emily A. McHugh and Paul A. Advincula and Zhe Wang and Mahesh Bhatt and Hua Guo and Vladimir Mancevski and Rouzbeh Shahsavari and Boris I. Yakobson and James M. Tour},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2020},
  volume={577},
  pages={647-651}
}
Most bulk-scale graphene is produced by a top-down approach, exfoliating graphite, which often requires large amounts of solvent with high-energy mixing, shearing, sonication or electrochemical treatment 1 – 3 . Although chemical oxidation of graphite to graphene oxide promotes exfoliation, it requires harsh oxidants and leaves the graphene with a defective perforated structure after the subsequent reduction step 3 , 4 . Bottom-up synthesis of high-quality graphene is often restricted to… 
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