Grain Refinement of Deoxidized Copper

  title={Grain Refinement of Deoxidized Copper},
  author={Maria Balart and Jayesh B. Patel and Feng Gao and Zhongyun Fan},
  journal={Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A},
  • M. Balart, J. Patel, +1 author Z. Fan
  • Published 1 August 2016
  • Materials Science
  • Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A
This study reports the current status of grain refinement of copper accompanied in particular by a critical appraisal of grain refinement of phosphorus-deoxidized, high residual P (DHP) copper microalloyed with 150 ppm Ag. Some deviations exist in terms of the growth restriction factor (Q) framework, on the basis of empirical evidence reported in the literature for grain size measurements of copper with individual additions of 0.05, 0.1, and 0.5 wt pct of Mo, In, Sn, Bi, Sb, Pb, and Se, cast… Expand
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