Gradual and immediate nicotine reduction result in similar low-dose nicotine self-administration.


INTRODUCTION Food and Drug Administration-mandated product standards that drastically reduce nicotine content in cigarettes aim to decrease smoking and thus improve health outcomes for millions of U.S. smokers. Researchers have suggested that nicotine reduction should be implemented gradually, but a gradual nicotine reduction may shift the minimum level of… (More)
DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntt082


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