Graded structure in vocal expression of emotion : What is meant by “ prototypical expressions ” ?

  title={Graded structure in vocal expression of emotion : What is meant by “ prototypical expressions ” ?},
  author={Petri Laukka and Nicolas Audibert and V{\'e}ronique Auberg{\'e}},
This study examined what determines typicality (graded structure) in vocal expressions of emotion. Separate groups of judges rated expressive speech stimuli (both acted and spontaneous expressions) with regard to typicality, ideality, and frequency of instantiation (FI). Also, a measure of similarity to central tendency (CT) was obtained from listener judgments. Partial correlations and multiple regression analysis revealed that similarity to ideal, and not FI or CT, explained most variance in… CONTINUE READING

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