Graded exercises for basic training in laparoscopic surgery.

@article{Steele1994GradedEF,
  title={Graded exercises for basic training in laparoscopic surgery.},
  author={Robert J Steele and Shorland W. Hosking and Sydney Chung},
  journal={Journal of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh},
  year={1994},
  volume={39 2},
  pages={112-6}
}
A series of graded exercises for use in laparoscopic simulation is described. These exercises are designed to introduce the basic skills required for laparoscopic surgery, and have been found to be useful both for the training of junior surgeons and in workshops.