Grade Failure and Special Education Placement in Sexual Offenders’ Educational Histories

  title={Grade Failure and Special Education Placement in Sexual Offenders’ Educational Histories},
  author={James M. Cantor and Michael E. Kuban and Thomas Blak and Philip E Klassen and Robert Dickey and Ray Blanchard},
  journal={Archives of Sexual Behavior},
A sample of 701 adult men underwent assessment following illegal or clinically significant sexual behaviors or interests. Patients were categorized on the basis of phallometric (penile) responses in the laboratory to erotic stimuli depicting adults, pubescent children, and prepubescent children; histories of sexual offenses; and self-reported sexual interests. Comprising the categories were men sexually interested in prepubescent children (pedophiles; n = 114), men sexually interested in… 
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Sexual Preferences and Recidivism of Sex Offenders With Mental Retardation
Results support the idea that pedophilia is a disorder of neurodevelopment and point to the importance of risk assessments that include assessing sexual preferences among sex offenders with mental retardation.
Adolescents Who Have Sexually Offended
Phallometry has valid clinical and research uses with adolescent males who commit serious sex offenses and would predict recidivism, and phallometric responses of the adolescents would be similar to those of adult sex offenders and would differ from normals.
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This article addresses research that defines the various types and categories of pedophilia, reviews available federal data on child molestation and pornography, and briefly discusses the theories on what makes an individual develop a sexual orientation toward children.
IQ, Handedness, and Pedophilia in Adult Male Patients Stratified by Referral Source
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The Static-99R predicts sexual and violent recidivism for individuals with low intellectual functioning*
ABSTRACT A current debate is whether actuarial risk assessment tools predict sexual recidivism in sexual offenders with intellectual disabilities (SOIDs). Since intellectual functioning exists on a
A Profile of Pedophilia: Definition, Characteristics of Offenders, Recidivism, Treatment Outcomes, and Forensic Issues
Pedophilia has become a topic of increased interest, awareness, and concern for both the medical community and the public at large. Increased media exposure, new sexual offender disclosure laws, Web
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All three offender groups were characterized by severe mental health problems, in many cases fulfilling American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.) criteria for both Axis I and Axis II diagnoses, but these problems did not differ between groups.
Child Sexual Abuse: Crimes, Victims, Offender Characteristics, and Recidivism
Sentenced child sexual abuse most often involves a severe sexual crime against a girl and is committed by a male relative or a male family friend, and the relapse risk in sexual crimes was low, given the long follow-up period, but higher among offenders with extrafam familial victims compared to those with intrafamilial victims.


Sensitivity and specificity of the phallometric test for pedophilia in nonadmitting sex offenders.
Results for offenders against women showed that those who had had sexual contact with the greatest number of women (consenting or nonconsenting) had the lowest probability of being diagnosed as pedophilic.
Predicting relapse: a meta-analysis of sexual offender recidivism studies.
The results suggest that applied risk assessments of sexual offenders should consider separately the offender's risk for sexual and nonsexual recidivism.
Handedness in Pedophilia and Hebephilia
The results indicate that the rates of non-right-handedness in pedophilia are much larger than previously suggested and are comparable to the rates observed in pervasive developmental disorders, such as autism, suggesting a neurological component to the development of pedophilia and hebephilia.
Quantitative reanalysis of aggregate data on IQ in sexual offenders.
Assessment of whether sexual offenders score lower in IQ than nonsexual offenders and which sexual offense characteristics relate to IQ confirm the association between IQ and sexual offending and suggest that previous discrepancies are attributable to how many pedophilic individuals were in each sample.
Fraternal Birth Order and Sexual Orientation in Pedophiles
It is shown that fraternal birth order correlates with homosexuality in pedophiles, just as it does in men attracted to physically mature partners, and may prove the first identified universal factor in homosexual development.
Self-Reported Head Injuries Before and After Age 13 in Pedophilic and Nonpedophilic Men Referred for Clinical Assessment
Investigation of the association between pedophilia and childhood head injuries showed that self-reported head injuries before age 13 were associated with attentional problems and with left-handedness; in contrast, head injuries after age 13were associated with drug abuse and promiscuity.
Intelligence, memory, and handedness in pedophilia.
Pedophilia showed significant negative correlations with IQ and immediate and delayed recall memory and was related to non-right-handedness even after covarying age and IQ.
Retrospective Self-Reports of Childhood Accidents Causing Unconsciousness in Phallometrically Diagnosed Pedophiles
The results showed that childhood accidents that resulted in unconsciousness were associated with pedophilia and with lower levels of intelligence and education, compatible with the hypothesis that neurodevelopmental perturbations in early childhood may increase the risk of pedophilia.
Extreme prematurity and school outcomes.
It is suggested that survivors of extreme prematurity remain at risk of educational underachievement, even after controlling for age, race, maternal education, foster care placement and the matching factors.