Government Support for Abstinence‐Only‐Until‐Marriage Education

  title={Government Support for Abstinence‐Only‐Until‐Marriage Education},
  author={K. Duffy and D. A. Lynch and J Santinelli},
  journal={Clinical Pharmacology \& Therapeutics},
Sexual development is a normal part of adolescence; however, teenage sexual behavior increases the likelihood of unintended pregnancy and STDs. In recent years, there have been highly politicized discussions on how best to prevent negative reproductive health outcomes in adolescents. For the past 12 years, the federal government has endorsed abstinence‐only‐until‐marriage (AOUM) as its primary approach to sex education. Federally funded AOUM programs must promote abstinence from sexual activity… 
A critical analysis of UNESCO's International Technical Guidance on school-based education for puberty and sexuality
Preparing children and adolescents for sexual safety and reproductive responsibility lies at the heart and purpose of puberty/sexuality education. The document of International Technical Guidance
Birth control-current contraception devices and medications: clinical review
There is a tremendous lack of information amongst women, but even experienced Obstetricians and Gynaecologists often get lost in the myriad of contraceptive devices.
The perceived value of Health Education in schools: New Zealand secondary teachers’ perceptions
The purpose of this study was to investigate New Zealand (NZ) secondary 1 health education (HE) teachers’ perceptions of the value various stakeholders attribute to HE and to identify enablers and


Abstinence-only education policies and programs: a position paper of the Society for Adolescent Medicine.
Abstinence-only and comprehensive sex education and the initiation of sexual activity and teen pregnancy.
  • P. Kohler, L. Manhart, W. Lafferty
  • Medicine, Psychology
    The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
  • 2008
Not yet: programs to delay first sex among teens.
A range of programs that are effective in delaying first sexual intercourse are highlighted, some of which emphasize abstinence until marriage while others promote abstinence as the only 100 percent effective way to avoid pregnancy.
Support for comprehensive sexuality education: perspectives from parents of school-age youth.
Human rights, cultural, and scientific aspects of abstinence-only policies and programs
The very idea of an abstinence-only approach to sexuality education is scientifically and ethically flawed, and science should drive public-health decision making—which should inform public policy on health promotion and disease prevention.
The accuracy of condom information in three selected abstinence-only education curricula
The authors identified the types of scientific errors about condoms present in abstinence-only education and the information these curricula present about condoms does not represent complete, current, or accurate medical knowledge about the effectiveness of condoms in preventing sexually transmitted infections, including HIV.
Changes in formal sex education: 1995-2002.
A substantial retreat from formal instruction about birth control methods has left increasing proportions of adolescents receiving only abstinence education, and efforts are needed to expand teenagers' access to medically accurate and comprehensive reproductive health information.
Explaining recent declines in adolescent pregnancy in the United States: the contribution of abstinence and improved contraceptive use.
The decline in US adolescent pregnancy rates appears to be following the patterns observed in other developed countries, where improved contraceptive use has been the primary determinant of declining rates.
Differences in teenage pregnancy rates among five developed countries: the roles of sexual activity and contraceptive use.
Data on contraceptive use are more important than data on sexual activity in explaining variation in levels of adolescent pregnancy and childbearing among the five developed countries; however, the higher level of multiple sexual partnership among American teenagers may help explain their higher STD rates.
Sexual abstinence only programmes to prevent HIV infection in high income countries: systematic review
Programmes that exclusively encourage abstinence from sex do not seem to affect the risk of HIV infection in high income countries, as measured by self reported biological and behavioural outcomes.