Good for democracy? Evidence from the 2004 NATO expansion

  title={Good for democracy? Evidence from the 2004 NATO expansion},
  author={Paul Poast and Alexandra Chinchilla},
  journal={International Politics},
Did NATO expansion foster democratic development in Eastern Europe? Past scholarship offers conflicting answers to this question. We seek to bring clarity by focusing on the 2004 NATO expansion to include the three Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania, as well as Bulgaria, Romania, Slovakia, and Slovenia. We leverage the fact that we now as many years of data since NATO entry as we have between the collapse of the Soviet Union and the 2004 NATO expansion. We also use newly available… 

Evaluating NATO enlargement: scholarly debates, policy implications, and roads not taken

NATO’s enlargement into Central and Eastern Europe after the Cold War is the subject of significant debate in academic and policy circles. With few exceptions, however, this debate focuses on single

From context to concept: history and strategic environment for NATO’s 2022 strategic concept

ABSTRACT This article introduces ten essays capturing ten panel discussions held by the Department of Social Sciences at the United States Military Academy on 3-4 February 2022, in support of the

International Networks of Societal Actors and Democratic Diffusion

  • Woojeong Jang
  • Political Science
    International Journal of Politics, Culture, and Society
  • 2021



Nato Enlargement and the Spread of Democracy: Evidence and Expectations

The second enlargement of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) since the end of the cold war fueled an ongoing debate over whether the alliance contributes to democratization in Europe. In

Why NATO Enlargement Does Not Spread Democracy

  • Dan Reiter
  • Political Science
    International Security
  • 2001
The debate over the costs and beneats of enlarging the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) that preceded the March 1999 inclusion of Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic retains policy

External Threat and Democracy: The Role of NATO Revisited

This article examines the role of NATO in aiding democratic transitions and survival in the former Soviet republics. The authors argue that the level of external threat is a determining factor in

Reconsidering NATO expansion: a counterfactual analysis of Russia and the West in the 1990s

  • K. Marten
  • Political Science
    European Journal of International Security
  • 2017
Abstract This article re-examines the history of NATO’s original post-Cold War enlargement to include the Visegrad states of Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic. It uses both published materials

Foreign Aid, Human Rights and Democracy Promotion: Evidence from a Natural Experiment

Does foreign aid improve human rights and democracy? We help arbitrate the debate over this question by leveraging a novel source of exogeneity: the rotating presidency of the Council of the European

Coming together or drifting apart? The EU’s political integration capacity in Eastern Europe

ABSTRACT This contribution assesses the EU’s external political integration capacity: its ability to promote democracy and governance effectiveness in non-member and new member states. Based on

Security Institutions as Agents of Socialization? NATO and the ‘New Europe’

This article examines the dynamics and implications of practices of socialization enacted by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in post–Cold War Central and Eastern Europe. With particular

Democratization and International Organizations

International organizations (IOs) have become increasingly pervasive features of the global landscape. While the implications of this development have been studied extensively, relatively little

Tracking Democracy's Third Wave with the Polity III Data

This article reports and analyzes an updated version of the widely-used Polity II dataset, consisting of annual indicators of institutional democracy and autocracy for 161 states spanning the years

“Jerry, Don't Go”: Domestic Opposition to the 1975 Helsinki Final Act

Though now seen as a key turning point in the Cold War, the 1975 Helsinki Final Act provoked considerable opposition in the United States. The principal line of criticism was that the United States