Goldfish Retina: Organization for Simultaneous Color Contrast

  title={Goldfish Retina: Organization for Simultaneous Color Contrast},
  author={N. W. Daw},
  pages={942 - 944}
  • N. Daw
  • Published 17 November 1967
  • Biology
  • Science
The majority of ganglion cells in the retina of goldfish have receptive fields organized so that the cells respond particularly to simultaneous contrasts of color. The receptive fields are concentrically arranged. If the cell is excited by red light in the center, then it will also be excited by green light in the periphery, and inhibited by green light in the center or red light in the periphery. The occurrence of this arrangement and the reverse is about equal. The receptive field is much… 

Retinal bipolar cells with double colour-opponent receptive fields

It is reported that, in the carp at least, this stage of information processing occurs earlier, as double colour-opponent receptive fields are found among the retinal bipolar cells of this animal.

Color-coded cells in goldfish, cat, and rhesus monkey.

  • N. Daw
  • Biology
    Investigative ophthalmology
  • 1972
There are four recognized types of cell involved in color vision, and some are single color opponent cells, where the response to a particular wavelength does not vary from one part of the receptive field to another.

Spatial Structure of Cone Inputs to Color Cells in Alert Macaque Primary Visual Cortex (V-1)

  • B. Conway
  • Biology
    The Journal of Neuroscience
  • 2001
Red–green (or red–cyan) cells, along with blue–yellow and black–white cells, establish three chromatic axes that are sufficient to describe all of color space.

Signals for color and achromatic contrast in the goldfish inner retina

The present results provide a parallel with the well-known principle of human color vision, first proposed by Kirschmann as the third law of color contrast, and may also have implications for the evolution of vertebrate color vision.

Goldfish retina: a correlate between cone activity and morphology of the horizontal cell in clone pedicules.

In the cone pedicules, the digitations of horizontal cell process lateral to the synaptic ribbon disappear after dark adaptation. This disappearance is correlated with the loss of color opponency and

Receptive Field Mechanism in the Vertebrate Retina

Results suggest that interactions among three neuronal structures, the receptor, the horizontal cell, and the bipolar cell, produce the basic receptive field organization in the channel catfish.

Color Vision in Fishes and Its Neural Basis

To establish the neural basis of color vision and other visual functions a neuropharmacological approach in combination with behavioral experiments yields promising results, which indicate that there is a parallel processing of “color” and high visual acuity on the one hand, and “motion,” “flicker,’ and ”brightness” detection on the other hand, which is similar to the situation in the visual system of primates.

Lateral inhibition and spectral opponency in the outer retina of primate

A model of the outer retina that includes a trichromatic cone mosaic and two types of horizontal cell populations is described, highlighting the potential impact of a previously overlooked retinal pathway for S-cone signals on color vision and offering insights into the visual functioning of individuals with congenital stationary night-blindness.



Spatial and chromatic interactions in the lateral geniculate body of the rhesus monkey.

The opponent principle, in which spatially separated excitatory and inhibitory regions are pitted against each other, has now been observed for retinal ganglion cells in the frog, the lizard, the rabbit, the rat, the ground squirrel, and the monkey.

Studies on receptive fields of single units with colored lights.

The receptive field of the isolated single unit in the carp's retina is concerned with the dependence of its response pattern upon the wave-lengths of the stimulating light and the neurophysiological basis of simultaneous brightness contrast.

Visual Response to Gradients of Varying Colour and Equal Luminance

It is shown that the responses to luminance and chromaticity are separated at the retinal level in the goldfish, and De Valois has shown that they are partly separated in the lateral geniculate body of the monkey.

Functional basis for "on"-center and "off"-center receptive fields in the retina.

The ganglion cells in the goldfish retina may have either “on’-center or “off”-center receptive fields and the response evoked by a stimulus of any size and at any location within the receptive field represents the sum of the contributions from both the “ on” and “ off” processes.

Glass Insulated Platinum Microelectrode

Microelectrodes for electrophysiological use have been prepared easily and quickly by electrolytically sharpening platinum iridium alloy wire and coating with molten glass. The desirable combination

* Present address: Department of Physiology

  • Harvard Medical School

Bands: Quantitative Studies otn Neural Networks in the Retinia (HoldenDay

  • San Francisco,
  • 1965

Earlier studies investigating the function of the striate area of the cerebral cortex

  • The Visual System: Neu(rophysiology' and Psi chophvsics,
  • 1961