Gold standard: a failed concept

  • Peter Petros
  • Published 2015 in International Urogynecology Journal

Abstract

Dear Editor, I fully support the Editorial describing the gold standard as a failed concept [1]. As one of the culprits [2], a short explanation is in order. The title of the 2014 Lecture [2] was actually cast upon us. It was a shorthand way to describe the thrust of the lecture, how the tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) originated (Petros) and was propagated (Nilsson). Actually, nothing was more odious to Ulmsten and I, while we were struggling to legitimise the midurethral sling, than to read descriptions about the Bgold standard^ Burch. This phrase still rankles, especially when applied to the TVT. Who decides what is a Bgold standard^? Who is so omniscient and wise as to be able to make such a statement? BGold standard^ implies perfection. It discourages innovation. It contravenes all Popper’s precepts [3], that nothing can be finally proven. There is always something that supersedes a known theory or practice: Ptolemaic astronomy by Copernican, Burch by TVT. Does this mean that the TVT method cannot be the final technique? Certainly. Already Bminislings^ have appeared, but they are not fundamentally different, as they apply the same anatomy but less invasively. Could there be more fundamental changes? My view is Byes^. The TVT works by creating an artificial collagenous neoligament that reinforces the natural pubourethral ligament (PUL). The PUL contains collagen, smooth muscles, elastin, nerves, blood vessels; thus, the ligament contracts during effort and relaxes during micturition, a finely tuned, neurologically controlled mechanism. In contrast, the TVT neoligament principle provides a solid non-contractile collagen strut. This explains why it is not possible to achieve 100 % dryness in all circumstances. Fine tuning is not possible. Stem cell treatment offers the prospect of regenerating all the elements of the ligament so it can Bfine tune^. The word Bstandard^ is also problematical. For example, the standard metre is the distance between two marks on 90 % platinum/10 % iridium alloy bar kept in Paris. At least in the English system of law, Bstandard^ is the equivalent of the French metre bar; any deviation can leapt upon by our legal friends. Maybe Popper’s concept of a fluid ever evolving science is best. Or as the editorial says, BInstead of blindly following a gold standard, let us look at the evidence ourselves and apply it critically in a specific healthcare setting to the individual patient. Isn’t this what evidence-based medicine is all about?^

DOI: 10.1007/s00192-015-2824-4

Cite this paper

@article{Petros2015GoldSA, title={Gold standard: a failed concept}, author={Peter Petros}, journal={International Urogynecology Journal}, year={2015}, volume={26}, pages={1555-1555} }