Gold nanoparticles in the clinical laboratory: principles of preparation and applications.


In order to meet the challenges of effective healthcare, the clinical laboratory is constantly striving to improve testing sensitivity while reducing the required time and cost. Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) are proposed as one of the most promising tools to meet such goals. They have unique optophysical properties which enable sensitive detection of biomarkers, and are easily amenable to modification for use in different assay formats including immunoassays and molecular assays. Additionally, their preparation is relatively simple and their detection methods are quite versatile. AuNPs are showing substantial promise for effective practical applications and commercial utilization is already underway. This article covers the principles of preparation of AuNPs and their use for development of different diagnostic platforms.

DOI: 10.1515/CCLM.2011.732
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@article{Azzazy2011GoldNI, title={Gold nanoparticles in the clinical laboratory: principles of preparation and applications.}, author={Hassan M. E. Azzazy and Mai M H Mansour and Tamer M Samir and Ricardo Franco}, journal={Clinical chemistry and laboratory medicine}, year={2011}, volume={50 2}, pages={193-209} }