Glycidol: an Hydroxyl-Containing Epoxide Playing the Double Role of Substrate and Catalyst for CO2 Cycloaddition Reactions.

Abstract

Glycidol is converted into glycerol carbonate (GC) by coupling with CO2 in the presence of tetrabutylammonium bromide (TBAB) under mild reaction conditions (T=60 °C, PCO2 =1 MPa) in excellent yields (99 %) and short reaction time (t=3 h). The unusual reactivity of this substrate compared to other epoxides, such as propylene oxide, under the same reaction conditions is clearly related to the presence of a hydroxyl functionality on the oxirane ring. Density functional theory calculations (DFT) supported by 1 H NMR experiments reveal that the unique behavior of this substrate is a result of the formation of intermolecular hydrogen bonds into a dimeric structure, activating this molecule to nucleophilic attack, and allowing the formation of GC. Furthermore, the glycidol/TBAB catalytic system acts as an efficient organocatalyst for the cycloaddition of CO2 to various oxiranes.

DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201601154

Cite this paper

@article{Monica2016GlycidolAH, title={Glycidol: an Hydroxyl-Containing Epoxide Playing the Double Role of Substrate and Catalyst for CO2 Cycloaddition Reactions.}, author={Francesco Della Monica and Antonio Buonerba and Alfonso Grassi and Carmine Capacchione and Stefano Milione}, journal={ChemSusChem}, year={2016}, volume={9 24}, pages={3457-3464} }