Experience with advanced surgery for the treatment of civilian gunshot injuries supports the changes in approach and indications for the treatment of war gunshot injuries. Eight patients with gluteal gunshot wounds are presented with typical war injuries. They were wounded during 1992 and 1993 in the war in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Surgical complications were experienced in two cases. Complications developed in cases of colonic and rectal injuries for which advanced surgery was performed in the treatment of the war wound. Poor conditions for advanced surgery during war can change the final result, making the outcome of the war wound worse.