Glutamate uptake inhibitor L-trans-pyrrolidine 2,4-dicarboxylate becomes neurotoxic in the presence of subthreshold concentrations of mitochondrial toxin 3-nitropropionate: involvement of mitochondrial reducing activity and ATP production.


An increased concentration of extracellular glutamate is associated with neuronal damage induced by cerebral ischemia. We have demonstrated previously that exposure of cultured cerebellar granule neurons to L-trans-pyrrolidine-2,4-dicarboxylate (PDC), a glutamate uptake inhibitor, increases extracellular glutamate levels but does not induce neuronal damage… (More)