Glucose recycling and production in children with glycogen storage disease type I, studied by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry and (U-13C)glucose.

Abstract

Glucose recycling and production were determined in plasma of three children with glycogen storage disease type I (GSD-I) in comparison to normal children. A primed-constant infusion of (U-13C)glucose was introduced nasogastrically at different rates. Endogenous glucose production rates were found to be correlated with rates of glucose infusion. A range of glucose production of 3.5-1.8 mg kg-1 min-1 was found when glucose infusion rates increased from 0.13 to 6 mg kg-1 min-1. The isotopomer distribution of the infused (U-13C)glucose and the plasma glucose in GSD-I children, measured by chemical ionization gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, were identical, indicating absence of glucose recycling. However, a significant change in the isotopomer distribution of plasma glucose was observed in normal subjects. It is suggested that the origin of endogenous glucose production in GSD-I children, during (U-13C)glucose infusion, is from non-labelled sources. The absence of glucose recycling is indicative of a deficiency of glucose 6-phosphatase activity in the liver of GSD-I patients.

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@article{Kalderon1988GlucoseRA, title={Glucose recycling and production in children with glycogen storage disease type I, studied by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry and (U-13C)glucose.}, author={Bella Kalderon and Aviva Lapidot and Stanley H. Korman and Aharona Gutman}, journal={Biomedical & environmental mass spectrometry}, year={1988}, volume={16 1-12}, pages={305-8} }