Glucose induces synchronous mitochondrial calcium oscillations in intact pancreatic islets.

Abstract

Mitochondria shape Ca(2+) signaling and exocytosis by taking up calcium during cell activation. In addition, mitochondrial Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](M)) stimulates respiration and ATP synthesis. Insulin secretion by pancreatic beta-cells is coded mainly by oscillations of cytosolic Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](C)), but mitochondria are also important in excitation-secretion coupling. Here, we have monitored [Ca(2+)](M) in single beta-cells within intact mouse islets by imaging bioluminescence of targeted aequorins. We find an increase of [Ca(2+)](M) in islet-cells in response to stimuli that induce either Ca(2+) entry, such as extracellular glucose, tolbutamide or high K(+), or Ca(2+) mobilization from the intracellular stores, such as ATP or carbamylcholine. Many cells responded to glucose with synchronous [Ca(2+)](M) oscillations, indicating that mitochondrial function is coordinated at the whole islet level. Mitochondrial Ca(2+) uptake in permeabilized beta-cells increased exponentially with increasing [Ca(2+)], and, particularly, it became much faster at [Ca(2+)](C)>2 microM. Since the bulk [Ca(2+)](C) signals during stimulation with glucose are smaller than 2 microM, mitochondrial Ca(2+) uptake could be not uniform, but to take place preferentially from high [Ca(2+)](C) microdomains formed near the mouth of the plasma membrane Ca(2+) channels. Measurements of mitochondrial NAD(P)H fluorescence in stimulated islets indicated that the [Ca(2+)](M) changes evidenced here activated mitochondrial dehydrogenases and therefore they may modulate the function of beta-cell mitochondria. Diazoxide, an activator of K(ATP), did not modify mitochondrial Ca(2+) uptake.

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@article{Quesada2008GlucoseIS, title={Glucose induces synchronous mitochondrial calcium oscillations in intact pancreatic islets.}, author={Iv{\'a}n Quesada and Carlos Villalobos and Luc{\'i}a E N{\'u}{\~n}ez and Pablo Chamero and M. T. Alonso and Angel Nadal and Javier Garc{\'i}a-Sancho}, journal={Cell calcium}, year={2008}, volume={43 1}, pages={39-47} }